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  • 1.
    Lindberg, Therese
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Traffic analysis and logistics.
    Peterson, Anders
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Tapani, Andreas
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Traffic analysis and logistics.
    A simulation model for assessment and evaluation of bus terminal design2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Interchange stations with their connections between modes and lines are central for a high quality public transport system. Bus access at the station needs to operate reliably and efficiently in order to prevent congestion and queues. Here, a discrete event simulation model of vehicle movements and interactions at bus terminals is developed and implemented. The model has a modular approach, where common spatial sections at terminals are represented by modules that can be combined into various terminal layouts. These modules describe the events a vehicle may go through in a particular section of the terminal, such as arriving to a bus stop or stopping at a traffic light at the exit. The model can be used in planning processes, both for new terminals and redesign of existing ones, and is able to describe the detailed movements and interactions between vehicles that occur at larger terminals. The model is tested in a numerical experiment representing Norrköping interchange station in Sweden. The experiment shows that the model is able to evaluate and compare different scenarios and can thus be a useful tool in planning processes.

     

  • 2.
    Lindberg, Therese
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Traffic analysis and logistics. Linköpings universitet.
    Peterson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet.
    Tapani, Andreas
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Traffic analysis and logistics.
    A Simulation Model of Local Public Transport Access at a Railway Station2017In: / [ed] N. Tomii, I.A. Hansen, J. Rodriguez, P. Pellegrini, S. Dauzère-Pérès, D. De Almeida, 2017, p. 922-943Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A high quality railway service requires that all parts of the complete journey, from door to door, are well-functioning. This includes any transfers taking place, as well as last mile transportation to and from the railway station. Since the last mile often consists of local public transport, the access to this mode at stops and terminals and how well these are functioning are of great importance. A critical aspect is the capacity of the stop or the terminal in relation to the number of departures, where a higher capacity generally means an increase in size. At the same time it is desirable to limit the use of valuable land and keeping the facility as small as possible. The trade-off between capacity and size needs to be evaluated when designing stops and terminals.

    In this study we have developed a discrete event simulation model of a combined bus and tram stop, which is a part of a larger multi-modal station. The objective of the study is to evaluate the modelling approach for the situation at hand. Of special interest are the complexities due to the different driving patterns of buses and trams. The developed model is capable of evaluating design alternatives and is applied in a case study of a stop at Norrköping railway station in southern Sweden. The model was found to realistically capture the various events occurring at such a stop and the case study further showed that the model is a useful tool in design evaluation.

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