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  • 1.
    Als, Per
    et al.
    A2 A/S .
    Nielsen, Otto Anker
    Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU).
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    Jespersen, Per Homann
    Roskilde Universitet (RUC).
    Hvordan får vi mere og bedre kollektiv trafik för pengene?: Bud på fremtidens organisering af den kollektive trafik i Greater Copenhagen2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [da]

    Region Hovedstaden har i sin regionale vækst- og udviklingsstrategi (ReVUS) sat nogle strategiske rammer for en grøn og innovativ metropol med høj vækst og livskvalitet. Et af de strategiske pejlemærker handler om ’Effektiv og bæredygtig mobilitet’.

    Hovedstadsområdet har i dag store trafikale udfordringer med kø på vejene samt trængsel i busser og tog. Udfordringerne vil kun vokse i de kommende år, hvor indbyg-gertallet forventes at stige med over 200.000. Der er behov for en sammenhængende planlægning, som kan medvirke til at reducere trængslen og dermed understøtte den økonomiske vækst og udvikling.

    Region Hovedstaden har taget initiativ til et arbejde, der skal skabe større sammenhæng i den kollektive trafik i den danske del af Greater Copenhagen. Hvis den kollektive trafik skal løfte en større del af trængselsudfordringen,skal der arbejdes på at udbygge kapaciteten, forbedre servicen og sikre en større sammenhæng på tværs af transportformerne. Køer på motorveje og trængsel i den kollektive transport er dyrt for samfundet.

    Til at understøtte arbejdet har Region Hovedstaden nedsat en ekspertgruppe, der med faglige briller kommer med sit bud på, hvilke udfordringer den kollektive trafik skal kunne imødekomme. Oplægget tager udgangspunkt i paraplyorganisationen Din Offentlige Transport (DOT), og hensigten er:

    • at påpege styrker og svagheder i den nuværende organisation
    • at komme med bud på, hvordan man inden for den nu-værende lovgivning kan imødegå nogle af den kollek-tive trafiks udfordringer
    • at komme med bud på, hvordan man med en ændret lovgivning yderligere kan forbedre den kollektive trafiks sammenhæng og attraktivitet

    Gruppen har ikke gennemført en ny, selvstændig analyse. Arbejdet bygger på eksisterende analyser og på den viden og erfaring, som gruppens medlemmer besidder.

  • 2.
    Barfod, Michael Bruhn
    et al.
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Leleur, Steen
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Gudmundsson, Henrik
    CONCITO.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Greve, Carsten
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Promoting sustainability through national transport planning2018In: European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, ISSN 1567-7133, E-ISSN 1567-7141, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 250-261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This following special issue of the European Journal of Transport Infrastructure Research (EJTIR) containing 4 scientific papers is the result of the work conducted under the research project 'National Transport Planning - Sustainability, Institutions and Tools' (SUSTAIN) (20122017) financed by the Danish Innovation Fund. SUSTAIN was coordinated by first the Department of Transport of the Technical University of Denmark (DTU Transport) and later as the result of a reorganisation of the transport research at DTU by the Department of Management Engineering (DTU Management Engineering). The project was carried out in cooperation with several Danish and international partners. In SUSTAIN the following definition of national sustainable transport planning (NSTP) was adopted: deliberate, knowledge-based, and strategic endeavours to integrate sustainability principles, criteria and goals in the development, management, regulation and assessment of nationally significant transport systems and services. This paper presents the research outcome by reviewing some of the major findings and seeing these collectively as a basis for promoting sustainability through the formulated research topic of NSTP. This basis includes defining criteria and indicators for use in NSTP combining evidence-based and performance oriented planning approaches. Furthermore, it contains a flexible evaluation framework that includes a decision support model that when informed by criteria and indicators can structure and assist an NSTP practice. This practice can support a planning process aiming at realising a sustainable transport development. Finally, the basis comprises a review of the complex political and administrative fabric in which NSTP is embedded, and thereby it can condition the ability to promote sustainability in practice.

  • 3.
    Bergström, Tomas
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Lunds Universitet.
    Lost in Translation Forever: Implementation of sustainable mobility in an era of governance and New Public Management2007In: 11th World Conference on Transport Research., Berkely: University of California , 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the development of implementation theory in an era of “governance” and new management ideas, often labeled New Public Management. The paper gives a presentation of some general concerns raised by the IMplementation Paths for ACTion towards sustainable mobility (IMPACT) program, that is how measures aiming at sustainable solutions could be implemented within the transport sector. Implementation is in focus but is dealt with from three different aspects in the initial stages of the program. First, and this is the main focus of this paper, the developments within implementation research are analyzed. What has happened since the early 1970’s in theory and practice that leads us to reconsider the ways we understand implementation in theory but also the advice we could offer to decision makers? Secondly, in another paper the special context of transport is discussed. What, if anything, is different about implementing policies etc in the transport sector? Lastly, the implications of implementation of sustainability as such are discussed in yet another paper. What special difficulties are involved if the “thing” to be implemented is such a notoriously vague concept?

  • 4.
    Bergström, Tomas
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Lunds Universitet.
    Gudmundsson, Henrik
    Lunds Universitet.
    Reinterpreting Implementation: Sustainable transport as a paradigmatic case2008In: Proceedings from TransportMistra's Final Scientific Conference, TransportMistra , 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Implementation is a fairly old concept but as relevant as ever. We have witnessed a general change of the public sector in the direction of governance, networks, contracting out, Public-Private Partnerships etc. This brings to the fore the following question: What has happened since the early 1970’s in theory and practice that might lead us to reconsider the ways we understand implementation in theory but also the advice we could offer to decision makers? To narrow down this broad question we choose to focus on the transport sector and more specifically on sustainable transport. We argue that sustainable transport is a particularly good case to discuss possible changes in implementation patterns.

  • 5.
    Fearnley, Nils
    et al.
    Institute of Transport Economics, Norway.
    Longva, Frode
    Institute of Transport Economics, Norway.
    Ramjerdi, Farideh
    Institute of Transport Economics, Norway.
    Kessler, Florian
    AustriaTech, Austria.
    Osland, Oddgeir
    Institute of Transport Economics, Norway.
    Justen, Andreas
    German Aerospace Center, Germany.
    Gudmundsson, Henrik
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Schippl, Jens
    Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT, Germany.
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH.
    Isaksson, Karolina
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Givoni, Moshe
    University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
    Macmillan, James
    University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
    Vesela, Jirina
    TRC, Centrum dopravniho výzkumu, v.v.i., Czech Republic.
    Vencl, Vaclav
    TRC, Centrum dopravniho výzkumu, v.v.i., Czech Republic.
    Strnadova, Danuse
    TRC, Centrum dopravniho výzkumu, v.v.i., Czech Republic.
    Best practices and recommendations on policy packaging2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report, which is the final deliverable of the Optic project (Optimal Policies for Transport In Combination), summarises two years of collaborative research into the policy process of combining individual measures into policy packages.

    Six stages of the policy process are identified. This report gives practical and general advice for each of these stages:

    1. Define objectives and targets
    2. Create an inventory of measures, identify potential primary measures and detect causal relationships
    3. Assess policy package
    4. Modify package
    5. Package implementation
    6. Evaluate effects, introduce remedial actions

    In addition, this report explores in further detail indicators and tools for the assessment of policy packages; the management of barriers; and issues of transferability.

  • 6.
    Givoni, Moshe
    et al.
    University of Oxford.
    Macmillan, James
    University of Oxford.
    Gudmundsson, Henrik
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Fearnley, Nils
    Institute of Transport Economics.
    Ramjerdi, Farideh
    Institute of Transport Economics.
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH.
    Kessler, Florian
    AustriaTech.
    Vencl, Vaclav
    TRC, Centrum dopravniho výzkumu, v.v.i..
    Justen, Andreas
    German Aerospace Center.
    Schippl, Jens
    Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT.
    Inventory of measures, typology of non-intentional effects and a framework for policy packaging2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This document represents the conceptual foundations of the EU-FP7 OPTIC project. As such, it seeks to provide a range of theoretical resources with which to develop an informed and pragmatic understanding of the complex causal processes involved in contemporary transport policy-making at the European level. Specifically, this deliverable aims to further methodological advancement with respect to the identification, classification, ex-ante prevention and ex-post mitigation of policies' unintended effects, and the systematic manner in which individual policy measures may be combined so as to improve their effectiveness, acceptability and feasibility. Overall, we argue that policy packaging can offer a far greater potential for achieving policy targets and objectives than single policy measures deployed in isolation. Yet, a careful and relatively well designed process must be undertaken for such packages to be effective.

  • 7.
    Gudmundsson, Henrik
    et al.
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    The role of indicators in European Sustainable Transport Policy2010In: POINT. Policy Influence of Indicators : THEME SSH-2007-6.1.1. "Current Use of and Emerging Needs for Indicators in Policy", Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, DTU, 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Gudmundsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Technical University of Denmark.
    The Use and Influence of Indicators in European Sustainable Transport Policy2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper focuses on the use and influence of indicators in European sustainable transport policy from a knowledge utilization research point of view, using a qualitative approach. The starting point is the contrast between a general proposition that indicators are important tools for sustainable transport policy making, and utilization oriented research literature, which has often demonstrated that formal technical knowledge is used much less, or at least differently, than expected in policy and decision making.

    The paper looks at two cases of indicators applied for strategic policy making within the sustainable transport agenda. The first case concerns indicators tracking the fulfillment of national transport policy objectives in Sweden. The case explores the use and influence of an annual monitoring and evaluation report produced for this purpose. The second case deals with indicators applied for the Mid-Term Review of the European Commission.s transport policy White Paper „Time to Decide. We focus on use and influence of the indicator based study ASSESS conducted in 2005.

    It is found that several indicators are in fact used in policy processes, as evidenced in policy documents as well as through interviews. However, use does not automatically mean influence on policies or processes in more than the most superficial manner. Indicators seem to play an – at most - limited instrumental role in the studied policy cases while some signs of symbolic, conceptual and process roles are found. In the EU case some evidence of what we call a rationalization role of indicators is found, meaning that indicators inform and help to rationalize a change in the European Commissions position towards key objectives, and gain influence in this way. Factors that characterize the indicators, the users, the policy setting and the economic and political background may all contribute to explaining the type of use and influence observed in both cases.

  • 9. Gudmundsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Leleur, Steen
    Strategisk transportplanlægning: gør vi bæredygtige fremskridt?2014In: Trafik & Veje, ISSN 1903-7384Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [da]

    SUSTAIN projektet har fokus på strategisk national transportplanlægning i et bæredygtighedsperspektiv. Vi arbejder med operationalisering af bæredygtighedsbegrebet, opstilling af værktøjer til at analysere transportpolitiske projekter og strategier, samt analyser af den faktiske transportpolitik. I artiklen beskrives et par af de emner vi i øjeblikket arbejder med i projektet, nemlig indikatorer og beslutningsstøtte. Vi kommenterer også kort på Transportministeriets ”strategiske analyser”, som bidrager med spændende resultater, men ikke rigtig besvarer om der opnås bæredygtige fremskridt. Projektet løber til 2016.

  • 10.
    Gudmundsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Åkerman, Jonas
    KTH.
    Fernley, Nils
    TØI.
    Hoff, Annelene Holden
    TØI.
    Givoni, Moshe
    University of Oxford.
    Macmillen, James
    University of Oxford.
    Non-intentional effects of transport policies2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A wide variety of policy measures and interventions can be applied in order to promote efficient, accessible and sustainable transport systems. However it is widely recognized that transport systems are complex and their performance depends on multiple factors. It is therefore a significant challenge to ensure that policies actually lead towards their intended objectives, and to avoid unanticipated negative side-effects within and beyond the transport sector. One way to approach this challenge is to adopt integrated policy packages where measures supplement each other and compensate for expected negative effects of individual measures. A key element in a systematic approach for policy packaging must be to enable the identification in advance of non-intentional effects of individual or joint policy measures. This paper develops a typology of non-intentional effects of transport policy measures as part of a methodology for policy packaging in the OPTIC research project. The paper first establishes the need to address systematically unintended effects and then proceeds to unfold the dimensions of the typology with concrete examples along the way. Ways to use the typology is discussed in the final section of the paper.

  • 11.
    Gudmundsson, Henrik
    et al.
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Schippl, Jens
    Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.
    Anderton, Karen
    University of Oxford.
    Leiren, Merethe Dotterud
    Institute of Transport Economics.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Brand, Ralf
    Rupprecht Consult - Forschung & Beratung GmbH.
    A covenant of halflings?: developing a roadmap for the european urban transport goal2015In: Proceedings of WCTR SIG G3: International Conference Climate Change Targets and Urban Transport Policy, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the 2011 Transport Policy White Paper, the European Commission introduced ten goals for a more competitive and resource efficient transport system. One of the goal concerns urban transport, with the dual targets: “To halve the use of ‘conventionally-fuelled’ cars in urban transport by 2030; and to phase them out by 2050; and “To achieve ‘essentially CO2- free city logistics’ in major urban centres by 2030.” This paper describes how the EU FP7 project TRANSFORUM conducted a stakeholder-driven process to produce a roadmap for the urban transport goal.

    A main conclusion was that the implementation of a roadmap for urban transport needs to adopt a broad and open approach, given the diversity among member states and cities across Europe. Also it was found that replacing conventional vehicles and fuels is an important but not sufficient strategy to reach the goal. A roadmap to reach towards the ‘halving’ goal would need to engage many cities in shared political commitments to generate a stronger momentum for change. The notion of a ‘Covenant of Halflings’ would be one way to express this need.

  • 12.
    Gudmundsson, Henrik
    et al.
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Schippl, Jens
    Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.
    Leiren, Merethe Dotterud
    Institute of Transport Economics.
    Brand, Ralf
    Rupprecht Consult - Forschung & Beratung GmbH.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Anderton, Karen
    University of Oxford.
    Reichenbach, Max
    Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.
    TRANSFORuM Roadmap Urban Transport2015Report (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Gudmundsson, Henrik
    et al.
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Schippl, Jens
    Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.
    Leiren, Merethe Dotterud
    Institute of Transport Economics.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Brand, Ralf
    Rupprecht Consult - Forschung & Beratung GmbH.
    Anderton, Karen
    University of Oxford.
    Reichenbach, Max
    Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.
    A roadmap for the EU White Paper goal on Urban Transport2015In: Urban Transport XXI / [ed] C.A. Brebbia, J.L. Miralles i Garcia, WIT Press, 2015, p. 53-64Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In its 2011 Transport Policy White Paper, the European Commission introduced ten targets to be met in order to reach a more competitive and resource efficient transport system. The following dual goal focused on urban transport and commuting: “To halve the use of ‘conventionally-fuelled’ cars in urban transport by 2030; and to phase them out by 2050; and to achieve “essentially CO2-free city logistics in major urban centres by 2030.” The question driving the research behind this paper is how to realise this dual urban transport goal for 2030, taking into consideration existing trends, available policy options, the diverse interests of stakeholders involved in urban mobility in Europe.

    The paper draws on data gathered in the EU FP7 TRANSFORuM project, including workshop dialogues with stakeholders representing different interests in and perspectives on urban transport and mobility. The main result is a roadmap that proposes a broad strategy to answer the question “Who has to do what, by when” to achieve the urban transport goal. The roadmap includes detailed proposals for action and milestones at different levels of decision making. This paper will describe the process of consultations and the outcomes of the roadmap process and will also discuss the perspectives for implementation.

  • 14.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    A typology of inter-organisational coordination in public transport: The case of timetable planning in Denmark2018In: Research in Transportation Economics, ISSN 0739-8859, E-ISSN 1875-7979Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    State, regional, and municipal authorities, public transport authorities, and traffic operators at many levels are essential actors in public transport. This paper presents a typology of four coordination mechanisms relevant to interactions among public transport actors. These four mechanisms, i.e. ownership/instruction, contracts, partnerships, and mutual understanding, are all based on basic coordination mechanisms of markets, hierarchies, and networks. A case of timetable planning is examined, because inter-organisational coordination between actors is crucial in this field, and the usefulness of the typology is illustrated via three examples. The results stem from a Danish study of institutional constraints on timetable optimisation in inter-organisational relations. The empirical focus is eastern Denmark, including Greater Copenhagen.

  • 15.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    TØI.
    Coordination in the transport sector2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16. Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Den kommunale støjpolitiks anatomi2007In: Dansk Vejtidsskrift, ISSN 0011-6548, Vol. 84, no 5, p. 36-37Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [da]

    Vejtrafikstøj er et stort problem i de nordiske lande, og det er vanskeligt at nå nationale mål for støjbekæmpelse. En årsag er et begrænset kommunalt engagement. Generelt er arbejdet med støjbekæmpelse ved eksisterende boliger og veje ikke institutionaliseret, hverken i den kommunale organisation eller i omgivelserne. Med udgangspunkt i to cases peges i artiklen på vigtige betingelser, hvis tilstedeværelse vil bidrage til at nordiske kommuner gør en mere aktiv indsats for at reducere genen fra vejtrafikstøj.

  • 17.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Environmental Policy Integration: Organisational Obstacles2003In: Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies, ISSN 1602-2297, E-ISSN 1602-2297, Vol. 2, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this article is on organisations, and the question it deals with is how the Danish Ministry of Transport has handled the requirement of integrating environmental concerns into its transport policy. Answering that question has necessitated a study focusing on organisational aspects of the ministry and its interaction with the Ministry of Environment. Neo-institutional theory is applied. Methodologically, historical analyses and case studies of concrete processes are carried through. The article concludes that several organisational barriers exist to integrating environmental concerns into transport policy. Hence, an understanding in the Ministry of Transport after which transport policy mainly deals with satisfying the demand for transport, sub-sectorizing of the ministry, and barriers found in the interplay between the Ministries of Transport and Environment. Organisational potentials are also found. The article shows that it is necessary to extend the debate about the integration principle, so that it also covers how sector ministries – which the integration principle makes into important actors – are enabled to contribute to changes in sector policies.

  • 18.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    Fremtidens kollektive transport i Region Sjælland: Fase 3 - Handlingsplan2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [da]

    Region Sjælland har iværksat et udredningsprojekt, som fokuserer på fremtidens kollektive transport i regionen. Projektet indeholder tre faser: kortlægning, scenarier og udarbejdelse af en handlingsplan.  

    I første fase er udarbejdet et såkaldt ”mobilitetsatlas”, som illustrerer tilgængelighed og mobilitet med kollektiv transport i regionen. Mobilitetsatlasset peger på udfordringer og muligheder for fremtidens kollektive transport. For det første står den kollektive transport stærkt på især de lange pendlerrejser. For det andet udgør de unges transport til uddannelse en udfordring – særligt for erhvervsuddannelserne. For det tredje følges lavt bilejerskab og dårlig tilgængelighed til kollektiv transport ad i regionens tyndere befolkede områder, og endelig - for det fjerde - udgør eventuel realisering af et servicemål om maksimalt 30 minutters rejsetid til transportknudepunkter og større byer en udfordring i en række – især tyndt befolkede – områder (Moe-Tetraplan, 2016).  

    I projektets anden fase har fokus været på at udarbejde tre scenarier for 2025, som sigtede mod at illustrere forskellige udviklingsretninger for regionens kollektive transport og effekterne på rejsetider, tilgængelighed og udgifter til kollektiv transport. Det ene scenarie tilstræbte høj mobilitet og havde til formål at optimere betjeningen med kollektiv transport. I det andet scenarie var sigtet at reducere udgifterne ved at bevare den kollektive transport, hvor den gavner de fleste og begrænse, hvor det generer de færreste. Endelig tilstræbte det tredje scenarie stor tilgængelighed til den kollektive transport ved at udnytte nye organisatoriske og teknologiske mobilitetsløsninger i samspil med den nuværende kollektive transport (Moe-Tetraplan, 2017).  

    Der er i hele projektet anlagt en helhedsbetragtning på den kollektive transport, så både kommunalt og regionalt finansierede linjer indgår i overvejelserne.  

  • 19.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Tetraplan A/S.
    Før biltrafikken står stille.2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    How to encourage road noise abatement in Nordic municipalities?2008In: Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies, ISSN 1602-2297, E-ISSN 1602-2297, Vol. 7, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Road noise nuisance is a huge problem in the Nordic countries, and it seems difficult for Nordic countries to meet national targets for its reduction. One reason for this is the lack of municipal activities in the field. Th us the research question that this article seeks to answer in relation to already existing residential areas and roads is: which conditions in the municipal organisation and its institutional environment contribute to making municipalities provide and implement noise abatement measures? The assumption is that three factors influence how the municipalities prioritize among political issues: the municipal organisation itself, the local institutional environment (citizens, business and NGOs), and the state and trans-municipal networks. A study of the anatomy of municipal road noise abatement policy shows that conditions for implementing road noise abatement in existing residential areas are poor, though, possibly, the large municipalities represent an exception to this rule. In general, road traffic noise abatement does not seem to be institutionalised, whether it be in the municipal organisation or the institutional environment. Two case studies of municipalities involved in eff orts beyond the usual are chosen for further analysis, namely the construction of a noise barrier in the Danish municipality of Hørsholm, as well as noise abatement windows in the City of Stockholm. Inspired by the case studies I highlight some conditions which seem to be important for making municipalities actively provide and implement road noise abatement measures in situations of existent residential areas and roads. For the municipal organisation, regularly mapping the noise problem and making status reports of the achievements are very important. Civil servants should also use any opportunity to stress the noise problem. In the local institutional environment patient and persistent citizens are very important, and it is important that they behave in ways which the civil servants and the politicians respect. Legislation plays a significant role with respect to state and trans-municipal networks. Finally, the state’s financial support for municipalities which are abating noise is a significant condition, as are ambitious state objectives. From the case studies presented here it is possible to identify two types of strategies which can be pursued. The first is the citizen strategy, where citizens are the driving forces. A problem with this strategy might be some degree of inequality. The other strategy is the civil servant strategy, where civil servants are the driving force. A consequence of this strategy might be that it will mainly be citizens in larger cities that will benefit from noise abatement measures.

     

  • 21.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Institute of Transport Economics.
    How to encourage traffic noise abatement in Nordic municipalities?2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Road noise nuisance is a huge problem in the Nordic countries, and it seems difficult to meet national targets. One reason is lack of municipal activities in the field. A study of the anatomy of municipal noise abatement policy shows that road traffic noise abatement in general does not seem to be institutionalised, nor in the municipal organisation neither in the near surroundings, though possibly, the large municipalities represent an exception to this rule. Two case studies of municipalities carrying out extraordinary efforts point out important conditions for making municipalities actively provide for and implement road noise abatement measures in situations of existent residential areas and roads.

  • 22.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU.
    Hvad skal EU's forskningspenge bruges til?2012In: Trafik & Veje, ISSN 1903-7384, no 8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [da]

    Et nyt EU-program for forskning og innovation er under vedtagelse og skal gælde for perioden 2014-2020. Under det danske formandskab blev Copenhagen Research Forum afholdt, som havde til formål at sikre forskernes kommentar til det nye forskningsprogram. Copenhagen Research Forum pegede på behovet for tværdisciplinær forskning, og transportforskerne, som deltog, lagde særlig vægt på en bedre balance mellem de teknologiske og samfundsvidenskabelige hovedområder i transportforskningen.

  • 23.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Hvilken rolle spiller viden i dansk hastighedspolitik: et case-studie2014In: Trafik & Veje, ISSN 1903-7384, Vol. August, p. 8-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [da]

    En ting er anvendelse viden – noget andet om viden også har indflydelse. En cirka 10 år gammel case om øgede hastighedsgrænser på danske motorveje anvendes som case. Viden om konsekvensen af at øge hastighedsgrænsen blev flittigt anvendt i embedsværket såvel som i den politiske debat. Den pågældende viden påvirkede også embedsværkets udformning af lovforslaget. Anderledes med politikerne, som i casen fastholdt deres positioner uanset den foreliggende viden. De brugte viden som et argument, men ikke til at afklare hvad der er rigtig og hvad der er forkert. Den samme viden spillede forskellige roller. Hvilken rolle viden spiller i politiske processer er komplekst, men kan bl.a. forklares med karakteristika ved den pågældende viden, ved brugerne og ved den kontekst, som viden indgår i.

  • 24.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Roskilde University.
    Hvordan foregår trafikpolitiske beslutninger i hovedstaden?2003In: TØF-indsigt, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Transportøkonomisk institutt.
    Kan Samferdselsdepartementet sikre miljøet?2004In: Samferdsel, ISSN 0332-8988, Vol. 44, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [da]

    I mange ar har det vært god latin at de enkelte sektordepartement har et ansvar for å ivareta miljøhensyn innenfor sitt område. Dette er et resultat av Brundtlandkommisjonen, som med sin rapport i 1987 satte prinsippet om integrasjon av miljøhensyn i sektorpolitikken på dagsordenen. I Brundtlandrapporten presenteres dette prinsippet som et sentralt element i en strategi for bærekraftig utvikling.

    Spørsmålet er om et sektordepartement, som for eksempel Samferdselsdepartementet, er i stand til å ivareta miljøhensyn i sitt arbeid. Dette er et spørsmål som ikke diskuteres særlig ofte, verken av forskere eller politikere.

  • 26.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Kan Trafikministeriet klare miljøet?: om integration af miljøhensyn i trafikpolitik og institutionelle potentialer og barrierer2001Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 27. Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    New Conditions for Decisionmaking and Coordination in Transport?: Corporatisation and Division in the Danish Railway Sector2005In: Social Perspectives on Mobility / [ed] Thyra Uth Thomsen, Lise Drewes Nielsen, Henrik Gudmundsson, Ashgate, 2005, p. 155-179Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    New Conditions for Policy Making in Transport?2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29. Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    New Public Management och hållbar mobilitet2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Ny paraplyorganisation på Sjælland: baggrund og konsekvenser2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31. Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Organisation skapar förutsättningar för hållbar mobilitet2008In: TransportMistra Årsrapport 2007Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Tetraplan A/S.
    Politikere, cost-benefit analyser og beslutningsprocesser2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 33. Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Studie av kommuner i Norden: Vanskelig kamp mot støy i kommunene2007In: Miljø & Helse, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 8-9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 34.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Institute of transport economics, Norway.
    Success factors for local traffic noise abatement2006In: Nordic Road and Transport Research, ISSN 1101-5179, E-ISSN 2000-186X, no 3, p. 24-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Road noise nuisance is a huge problem in Nordic municipalities. It seems difficult to meet national targets for noise abatement. One reason is lack of municipal attention. This study of municipal noise abatement policy shows that road traffic noise abatement in general does not seem to be institutionalised, neither in the municipal organisation nor in the near surroundings. We point out important conditions for making municipalities more active in implementing road noise abatement measures in existing dwelling areas.

  • 35.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Institute of Transport Economics.
    The anatomy of municipal road noise abatement policy and politics2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    The DSB, Corporatization and Coordination2003Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with reforms of the organisation of transport in Denmark. More specifically, I centre on corporatization, although tendering as well as decentralization to regions and municipalities are also important elements in a coherent picture of interorganisational NPM reforms in the sector. Corporatization goes hand in hand with the division of large organisations into smaller ones. The aim of the paper is to discuss two questions:

    • How coordination is achived
    • If coordination today is more difficult than in the previous situation

    The empirical part of the paper concern changed conditions for coordination as it looks from the point of view of persons of central important in the DSB and the Ministry of Transport.

  • 37.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    The integration of environmental concerns into transport policy2004In: Policy integration in practice: The Integration of Land Use Planning, Transport And Environmental Policy-making in Denmark, England and Germany / [ed] Dominic Stead; H Geerlings; E. J Meijers, Delft: Delft University Press, 2004, p. 35-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    The roles of knowledge in transport policy2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39. Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Vanskelig kamp mot støy2007In: Samferdsel, ISSN 0332-8988, no 1, p. 14-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Videns anvendelse og indflydelse i dansk hastighedspolitik2013In: Artikler fra Trafikdage på Aalborg Universitet, 2013, p. 13-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hastighed er af afgørende betydning for trafiksikkerhed, og høj hastighed er anerkendt som en væsentlig udfordring for at reducere antal dræbte og tilskadekomne på vejene. Forskning i trafiksikkerhed handler ofte om hastighed, men anvender sjældent et politologisk perspektiv. I dette paper anvendes imidlertid et sådant perspektiv i et studie af formel videns anvendelse og indflydelse i danske, nationale politiske beslutninger om vejhastighed. En case-studie metode er anvendt og Folketingets beslutning i 2003 om at øge hastighedsgrænsen på motorvejene og en beslutning fra 2004 om at indføre klip i kørekortet ved bl.a. visse overskridelser af hastighedsgrænserne er analyseret. Empirien består i begge cases af dokumenter fra lovgivningsprocessen, andre offentligt tilgængelige rapporter og notater, nyhedsartikler, sagsakter fra involverede ministerier og kvalitative interviews.

    I begge cases analyseres brugen af et bestemt viden-dokument. Viden-dokumenterne anvendes i det lovforberedende arbejde og i det ene tilfælde citeres dokumentet flittigt under Folketingets behandling. Anderledes med dokumenternes indflydelse på beslutningerne. Det ene dokument influerer formentlig embedsmændende arbejde med lovforslaget, mens ingen af dokumenterne ser ud til at have indflydelse på den politiske behandling af lovforslagene. Viden-dokumenterne ændrer næppe nogle politikeres synspunkter. Viden-dokumenterne spiller i den ene case roller, vi betegner som ’viden som instrument’ og ’viden som argument’ og i den anden case en rolle vi betegner ’viden som rationalisering’. En udbredt konsensus om trafiksikkerhed som central værdi i hastighedspolitikken bidrager til forklare de observerede viden-roller.

  • 41.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes. K2.
    Å gjenoppfinne kollektivtrafikk i en tid med Smart mobilitet2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    et al.
    Institute of Transport Economics.
    Assum, Terje
    Institute of Transport Economics.
    Engagjerte politikere er viktig for sikkerhet på veg2005In: Samferdsel, ISSN 0332-8988, Vol. 44, no 5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    et al.
    Transportøkonomisk institutt.
    Assum, Terje
    Transportøkonomisk institutt.
    Muligheder og barrierer for trafiksikkerhedsarbejdet i Sverige2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [da]

    I Sverige og Norden for øvrig finnes visjoner, målsettinger og planer for å redusere antall drepte og alvorlig skadde i veitrafikken. Likevel er det vanskelig å nå de kortsiktige målene. Hvilke hindringer og muligheter finnes for å redusere antallet trafikkdrepte vesentlig? En analyse av Vägverket og dets viktigste samarbeidspartnere viser barrierer og muligheter for TS-arbeid i Sverige. De viktigste barrierene er: Begrenset engasjement for trafikksikkerhet i politiet, ingen tro på 2007-målet. Trafikksikkerhet er ikke prioritert i Vägverkets regioner og heller ikke i kommuner og län. Den viktigste muligheten er engasjerte politikere.

  • 44.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes. Institute of Transport Economics.
    Assum, Terje
    Institute of Transport Economics.
    Når trafiksikkerhedsforskning møder implementeringsforskning2007In: Dansk Vejtidsskrift, ISSN 0011-6548, Vol. 84, no 1, p. 18-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Forskning i trafiksikkerhed handler primært om analyser af uheldsrisiko, trafikantadfærd og virkninger af tiltag. Mange lande har ambitiøse nationale mål om at reducere antallet af dræbte og alvorligt tilskadekomne, men til trods for stor viden om effekter af tiltag har mange lande problemer med at nå målene. Det peger på behov for at supplere den eksisterende forskning med analyser af barrierer for implementering.

  • 45.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    et al.
    Institute of Transport Economics.
    Assum, Terje
    Institute of Transport Economics.
    Road traffic safety and implementation: The case of Sweden2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    et al.
    TetraPlan.
    Bergström, Tomas
    Lunds Universitet.
    Gudmundsson, Henrik
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Khan, Jamil
    Lunds Universitet.
    Bustrafik, bæredygtig transport og New public Mangement2008In: Dansk Vejtidsskrift, ISSN 0011-6548, no 10, p. 26-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [da]

    Bæredygtig transport handler blandt andet om at fremme bustrafikken som alternativ til bilen og at gøre busserne mere miljøvenlige. I både Manchester og Stockholm har New Public Management reformer ændret organiseringen af bussektoren. Reformerne skaber vidt forskellige vilkår for bæredygtig transport.

  • 47.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    et al.
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Brønchenburg, Søren
    Mål i national transportplanlægning.: Kan vi lære af Norge og Sverige?2009In: Trafik & Veje, ISSN 1903-7384, Vol. 86, no 8, p. 26-28Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [da]

    Anvendelsen af mål og indikatorer i infrastrukturplanlægningen er som sådan ikke nyt. I både Norge og Sverige er der lang tradition for at anvende overordnede mål med tilhørende indikatorer i den nationale transportplanlægning. I denne artikel præsenteres de to landes erfaringer med henblik på at se, om Danmark kan lære noget af de to skandinaviske broderlande hvad angår anvendelse af mål i infrastrukturplanlægningen.

  • 48.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    et al.
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Gudmundsson, Henrik
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Bus transport in Greater Manchester2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past 15 – 20 years large parts of the public sector in the OECD countries but also outside the OECD have experienced so-called New Public Management (NPM) reforms. Not least the transport sector, and in particular public transport have been objects of these reforms. Important elements have been: Division of previously horizontal integrated organisations, corporatisation, privatisation, public-private partnerships, tendering and management by goals and results. The main purpose of the NPM reforms has been to increase the efficiency, effectiveness and accountability of public management. But taking a broader view on public transport policy, these are not the only things that matter. In our present work we are looking into the consequences of the NPM reforms in public transport for the realisation of Sustainable Transport objectives.

    Our basic assumption is that ‘organisation matters’ and that the reforms may have changed significantly the institutional conditions for the implementation of sustainable transport policies and easures. We have focused the research on public transport in larger cities and how their organisation has changed due to the reforms. We will address two different components of the NPM inspired transport reforms in the UK. The first component regards the organisation of public bus transport at the local level. This involves the deregulation and privatisation reforms introduced by the Conservative Government from 1986 onwards, as well as the ‘partnerships’ and other new instruments introduced by the Labour Government in the Transport Act 2000, with the aim to modify some extreme effects of the initial deregulations. The second component includes reforms of how central government governs transport performance at the local level more generally through systems of Management by Objectives, performance control and economic incentives. Key elements here are national policies such as the ’10 year Plan for Transport’ with associated targets, and the ‘Local Transport Plan’ regime with annual funding settlements, etc.

    The objective of the work carried out is to analyse which conditions the reforms create for attracting travellers from cars and for greening the bus fleets and fuels. Methodology and work carried out The empirical material includes literature on the bus industry, NPM reforms, and governance structures at the local level in the United Kingdom, as well as policy documents and reports on these topics. Moreover, 13 qualitative research interviews have been carried out in autumn 2007. The interviews involved management and staff at the Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive, GMPTE (eight persons); Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Authority, GMPTA (one officer, one politician); as well as operators and an association of operators (three persons).

  • 49.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    et al.
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Gudmundsson, Henrik
    DTU - Technical University of Denmark.
    Målstyret transportpolitik: hvad kan Danmark lære af Sverige og Norge?2010In: Økonomi & politik, ISSN 0030-1906, Vol. 83, no 2, p. 3-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    I de senere år er der i dansk transportpolitik sendt signaler om en mere sammenhængende og langsigtet planlægning. Der opereres også med en række principper, som har karakter af målsætninger. Sverige og Norge kan måske inspirere, da de to lande i en årrække har arbejdet med store, nationale transportplaner baseret på transportpolitiske mål og tilhørende indikatorer. Her analyseres de svenske og norske erfaringer, og vi spørger: Hvilke elementer kunne med fordel anvendes i Danmark? Vi skelner i artiklen mellem ”målorienteret politik”, ”målorienteret forvaltning” samt ”målstyring”, som betragtes som en instrumentel kobling mellem de to første fænomener. Konklusionen er, at de transportpolitiske mål i politik og forvaltning er dekoblede i de to nabolande, og at der ikke er tale om målstyring, hvilket er meget vanskeligt at realisere. Ikke desto mindre er der elementer i målorienteret politik og målorienteret forvaltning, som kunne have betydning og værdi for dansk transportpolitik.

  • 50.
    Hedegaard Sørensen, Claus
    et al.
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Gudmundsson, Henrik
    Technical University of Denmark.
    Some Use - Little Influence: On the role of indicators in European Sustainable Transport Policy.2011Conference paper (Other academic)
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