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  • 1.
    Adell, Emeli
    et al.
    Trivector Sweden.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users.
    Várhelyi, András
    Lund University.
    How Is Acceptance Measured?: Overview of Measurement Issues, Methods and Tools2014In: Driver Acceptance of New Technology: Theory, Measurement and Optimisation / [ed] Michael A. Regan, Tim Horberry and Alan Stevens, Farnham, Surrey, England: Ashgate, 2014, p. 74-88Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter describes how acceptance has been measured and identifies various measurement categories. The relationship between these measurement methods and the different definitions of acceptance appearing in the literature is described and the lack of correspondence between definition and measurement is highlighted. The chapter illustrates the different outcomes of acceptance measurements depending on choice of assessment method and gives some guidance that could be used depending on the purpose of the assessment.

  • 2.
    Adell, Emeli
    et al.
    Trivector Sweden.
    Várhelyi, András
    Lund University.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users.
    Modelling Acceptance of Driver Assistance Systems: Application of the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology2014In: Driver Acceptance of new technology: Theory, Measurement and Optimisation / [ed] Michael A. Regan, Tim Horberry and Alan Stevens, Farnham, Surrey, England: Ashgate, 2014, p. 23-34Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter provides a brief overview of acceptance models used within the area of information technology.  One particular model, the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT), is then discussed, and a study is reported in which the model was used to assess driver acceptance of a particular driver assistance system. The key findings of that study are reported, and suggestions are made for refining UTAUT to make it more suitable for assessing acceptance of driver assistance systems.

     

  • 3.
    Adell, Emeli
    et al.
    Trivector Sweden.
    Várhelyi, András
    Lunds Universitet.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users.
    The Definition of Acceptance and Acceptability2014In: Driver Acceptance of New Technology: Theory, Measurement and Optimisation / [ed] Michael A. Regan, Tim Horberry and Alan Stevens, Farnham, Surrey, England: Ashgate, 2014, p. 11-21Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the recognised importance of the concept of acceptance, how and why new technologies are actually accepted by drivers is not well understood. While many studies claim to have measured acceptance, few have explicitly defined what it is. This chapter points out the importance of defining acceptance and categorises definitions that have been used according to their “essence”. Distinctions between different types of acceptance as well as between acceptance and acceptability are also described. A proposal for a common definition of acceptance is then presented and discussed.

  • 4.
    Ahlström, Christer
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Fors, Carina
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Forward, Sonja
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Gregersen, Nils Petter
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Hjälmdahl, Magnus
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Jansson, Jonas
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users.
    Kircher, Katja
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Lindberg, Gunnar
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users.
    Patten, Christopher
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Dangerous use of mobile phones and other communication devices while driving: A toolbox of counter-measures2013In: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference Road Safety on Four Continents: Beijing, China. 15-17 May 2013, Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of mobile phone and similar devices while driving has been a topic of discussion and research for several years. It is now an established fact that driving performance is deteriorated due to distraction but no clear conclusions can yet be drawn concerning influence on crash rates. Better studies on this relationship is needed. Most countries in Europe and many countries elsewhere have introduced different types of bans for handheld devices. Sweden has, however, no such bans. VTI was commissioned by the Swedish Government to outline possible means to reduce the dangerous usage of mobile phones and other communication devices while driving as alternatives to banning. This task was a result of a previous VTI-state-of-the-art review of research on mobile phone and other communication device usage while driving. One of the findings in the review was that bans on handheld phones did not appear to reduce the number of crashes.

    Eighteen different countermeasures in three main areas were suggested. (1) Technical solutions such as countermeasures directed towards the infrastructure, the vehicle and the communication device. (2) Education and information, describing different ways to increase knowledge and understanding among stakeholders and different driver categories. (3) Different possibilities for how society, industry and organisations can influence the behaviour of individuals, via policies, rules, recommendations and incentives. Our conclusion is that a combination of different countermeasures is needed – where education and information to the drivers are combined with support and incentives for a safe usage of different communication devices.

  • 5.
    Alm, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Changes in driver behaviour as a function of handsfree mobile phones: A simulator study1991Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Alm, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Changes in driver behaviour as a function of handsfree mobile phones: A simulator study1994Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Alm, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Changes in driver behaviour as a function of handsfree mobile telephones: A simulator study1991Report (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Alm, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    The effects of a mobile telephone task on driver behaviour in a car following situation1996Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Alm, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Järmark, Stina
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Savelid, John
    Hennings, Ulf
    The effects of landmark presentation on driver performance and uncertainty in a navigation task: A field study1992Report (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Berlin, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Synpunkter på förslag till åtgärder för att förbättra arbetsmiljön vid beläggningsarbete2000Report (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Berlin, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Synpunkter på förslag till åtgärder för att förbättra arbetsmiljön vid intermittenta och långsamma vägarbeten2000Report (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Bolling, Anne
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Utvärdering av kameraövervakade vägarbetsplatser: en pilotstudie2001Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att arbeta på och invid vägen är ett mycket utsatt arbete och många

    vägarbetare

    upplever varje dag stor oro och otrygghet på jobbet. Problemet är höga

    hastigheter

    och alltför korta avstånd i kombination med ouppmärksamhet och bristande hän-

    syn hos trafikanterna. Dessa förhållanden leder till förhöjd

    olycksrisk vid vägarbete jämfört med i trafiken i övrigt. I ett försök att

    öka säkerheten och

    förbättra

    arbetsförhållandena för vägarbetarna har kameraövervakning av

    vägarbetsplatser

    testats. Metoden har utvärderats i den pilotstudie som redovisas i

    rapporten.

    Utvärderingen ingår i ett mellansvenskt initiativ som genomförs under 2001.

    I pilotstudien har tre delstudier genomförts. I den första delstudien gjordes

    en

    jämförelse av uppmätta hastigheter med och utan kameraövervakning. I den

    andra

    tillfrågades fortkörare via enkäter om: 1) trafik i allmänhet -

    framförallt regelefterlevnad, 2) vägarbeten - särskilt attityder till dessa

    och 3) den egna

    passagen

    av det aktuella vägarbetet. I den tredje delstudien tillfrågades vägarbetare

    om upplevd säkerhet och trygghet på arbetsplatsen.

  • 13.
    Eriksson, Louise
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Nerhagen, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Borlänge.
    Bolling, Anne
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Vehicle technology and simulation.
    Jansson, Jonas
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users.
    Hjort, Mattias
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Vehicle technology and simulation.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users.
    Gustafsson, Mats
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    Blomqvist, Göran
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    Karlsson, Bo O
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Enviroment and traffic analysis.
    Tema miljörisker: miljörisker och trafikanters beteenden2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report compiles the results from the project Theme Environmental risks. More specifically, the project concerned how different transport related environmental risks influence different road users and how their behaviour influence the environment. The project aimed at preparing for interdisciplinary research about environmental risks at VTI. The project was divided into three parts. The first subproject aimed at compiling literature about transport related environmental risks from psychological and economic perspectives, and in the second subproject a willingness to pay study was outlined where both economic and psychological principles were considered. In the third subproject, a simulator study was outlined. The focus was to study environmental effects of driving under controlled circumstances in the driving simulator. The report is divided into two parts. In part 1, the results from the literature review and the proposal for a willingness to pay study are described (subproject 1 and 2). This part is written in English. Part 2 contains a project outline for a simulator study in the form of an research project application (project 3). This part is written in Swedish.

  • 14. Falkmer, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users.
    Törnros, Jan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Detection and identification of information presented peripherally inside the car: effects of driving task demands and stimulus position2012In: Vision in vehicles - IX / [ed] Gale, Alastair G., Loughborough: Loughborough University. Applied Vision Research Centre , 2012, p. 189-196Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Törnros, Jan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Detection and identification of information presented peripherally inside the car: effects of driving task demands, stimulus position and direction of motion of the stimulus2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to study the performance of an in-car information system relying exclusively on information presented peripherally by “running light” stimuli. The information was presented on displays placed in four different positions; upper, lower, to the right, and to the left. Four different directions of the “running light” were used; upwards, downwards, to the right, and to the left. Two levels regarding driving task demands were used.

    Thirty-two subjects participated in the study. A repeated-measures design was used. The study was performed in an advanced driving simulator. The subjects’ task was to report the direction of motion of the peripheral stimuli as quickly as possible.

    A traffic situation with high demands on the driver caused the subjects to fixate the peripheral stimulus to a lesser extent than when the driving task was less demanding. The upper display was fixated to a smaller extent than the left or the right one. However, differences in number of fixations between the displays appeared only when the demands of the driving task were high, not when they were low. No effects of the direction of motion of the stimulus on the number of fixations appeared.

    There were very few errors regarding the identification of the direction of the stimulus, regardless of whether the stimulus was fixated or not.

    The response times were short. There were differences between display positions. The response time was shortest for the right display and for the lower display, but somewhat longer for the other two displays. It was somewhat shorter when the stimulus was fixated than when it was not. Driving task demands had no effect on response time. Regarding effects of the direction of motion of the stimulus, there was only a very weak interaction with driving task demands and display position.

  • 16. Henriksson, Malin et al
    et al.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Berlin, Maria
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Passenger AIR-BAG status indication awareness study1998Report (Other academic)
  • 17. Janssen, Wiel
    et al.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    An experimental evaluation of in-vehicle collision avoidance systems1993Report (Other academic)
  • 18. Janssen, Wiel
    et al.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    An experimental evaluation of in-vehicle collision avoidance systems1992Report (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Jansson, Jonas
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users.
    Andersson, Jan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Driving simulation cooperation strategy: pre-study report2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Driving simulation is a large and truly inter-disciplinary research field. It involves visualization, vehicle dynamics, motion cueing, sound rendering and much more. Furthermore, research conducted in driving simulators has applications in almost all areas of transportation from road, infrastructure and vehicle design to human behaviour and human factors. Apart from research applications, other important areas using driving simulation are for example product development, training and education, demonstration and visualization, race car tuning and gaming. The pre-study reported here has been conducted on assignment from Chalmers. The focus has been on how to build and maintain competence and knowledge in the field of driving simulation, and how to efficiently manage resources, such as maintenance of the technical equipment, for simulation activities to become cost effective. Also, the driving simulation methodology as one link in a tool chain has been considered concerning synergies, connections and cooperation possibilities with other research methodologies. The pre-study has resulted in: - A survey of the field of advanced driving simulation globally. - A synthesis of pros and cons of commercial and own developed simulation software. - A review of on-going simulator activities in Sweden, at Chalmers and at VTI. - A proposal for a cooperation strategy in the field of driving simulation.

  • 20.
    Kanellaidis, G
    et al.
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Dimitripoulos, I
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Vardaki, S
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Hagenzieker, M
    SWOV - Institute for Road Safety Research.
    Gundy, C
    SWOV - Institute for Road Safety Research.
    Schulte, W
    BAST - Federal Highway Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Berlin, Maria
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Haniotis, F
    Poriotis, N
    3M Hellas Limited.
    Jehaes, S
    3M Hellas Limited.
    Boender, J
    CRR - Belgian Road Research Centre.
    Tucka, Pavel
    CROW - Information and Technology Centre for Transport and Infrastructure.
    Leben, B
    CDV - Transport Research Centre.
    Sajovic, J
    ZAG - Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute.
    Certanc, N
    ZAG - Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute.
    Road work zone typology, safety measures, standards and practices: ARROWS Deliverable 11999Report (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Kanellaidis, G
    et al.
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Dimitripoulos, I
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Vardaki, S
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Hagenzieker, M
    SWOV - Institute for Road Safety Research.
    Gundy, C
    SWOV - Institute for Road Safety Research.
    Schulte, W
    BAST - Federal Highway Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nyberg, Anders
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Haniotis, F
    Poriotis, N
    3M Hellas Limited.
    Jehaes, S
    3M Hellas Limited.
    Boender, J
    CRR - Belgian Road Research Centre.
    Tucka, Pavel
    CROW - Information and Technology Centre for Transport and Infrastructure.
    Leben, B
    CDV - Transport Research Centre.
    Sajovic, J
    ZAG - Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute.
    Certanc, N
    ZAG - Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute.
    Road work zone review of behavioural studies, accident studies and research methods: ARROWS Deliverable 21999Report (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Kanellaidis, G
    et al.
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Dimitripoulos, I
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Vardaki, S
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Hagenzieker, M
    SWOV - Institute for Road Safety Research.
    Gundy, C
    SWOV - Institute for Road Safety Research.
    Schulte, W
    BAST - Federal Highway Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nyberg, Anders
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Haniotis, F
    Poriotis, N
    3M Hellas Limited.
    Jehaes, S
    3M Hellas Limited.
    Boender, J
    CRR - Belgian Road Research Centre.
    Tucka, Pavel
    CROW - Information and Technology Centre for Transport and Infrastructure.
    Leben, B
    CDV - Transport Research Centre.
    Sajovic, J
    ZAG - Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute.
    Certanc, N
    ZAG - Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute.
    Road work zone safety practical handbook: ARROWS Deliverable 4 - Vol. I1999Report (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Kanellaidis, G
    et al.
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Dimitripoulos, I
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Vardaki, S
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Hagenzieker, M
    SWOV - Institute for Road Safety Research.
    Gundy, C
    SWOV - Institute for Road Safety Research.
    Schulte, W
    BAST - Federal Highway Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nyberg, Anders
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Haniotis, F
    Poriotis, N
    3M Hellas Limited.
    Jehaes, S
    3M Hellas Limited.
    Boender, J
    CRR - Belgian Road Research Centre.
    Tucka, Pavel
    CROW - Information and Technology Centre for Transport and Infrastructure.
    Leben, B
    CDV - Transport Research Centre.
    Sajovic, J
    ZAG - Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute.
    Certanc, N
    ZAG - Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute.
    Road work zone safety practical handbook background report: ARROWS Deliverable 4 - Vol. II1999Report (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Kanellaidis, G
    et al.
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Dimitripoulos, I
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Vardaki, S
    National Technical University of Athens.
    Hagenzieker, M
    SWOV - Institute for Road Safety Research.
    Gundy, C
    SWOV - Institute for Road Safety Research.
    Schulte, W
    BAST - Federal Highway Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nyberg, Anders
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Haniotis, F
    Poriotis, N
    3M Hellas Limited.
    Jehaes, S
    3M Hellas Limited.
    Boender, J
    CRR - Belgian Road Research Centre.
    Tucka, Pavel
    CROW - Information and Technology Centre for Transport and Infrastructure.
    Leben, B
    CDV - Transport Research Centre.
    Sajovic, J
    ZAG - Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute.
    Certanc, N
    ZAG - Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute.
    Synthesis of improved sets of safety measures for road work zones: ARROWS Workshop/deliverable 31999Report (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Kircher, Albert
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Vogel, Katja
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Törnros, Jan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Bolling, Anne
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Patten, Christopher
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Malmström, Therese
    Ceci, Ruggero
    Mobile telephone simulator study2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The study consists of four separate experiments conducted in the VTI driving

    simulator. The common theme was to investigate how driver behaviour and

    traffic safety are influenced when the driver attends to another technical

    device while driving. The experiments were concerned with handsfree or

    handheld mobile phone conversation and dialling, receiving mobile phone SMS

    messages and watching a DVD film (the latter two being minor pilot

    experiments). In three of the experiments (mobile phone conversation, SMS,

    DVD) the participants drove a route which led through urban and rural

    environments, ranging from 90 km/h rural to 50 km/h urban environments. The

    urban environments differed in complexity (three levels). The driving

    distance was about 70 km. The dialling experiment used a rural environment

    with a speed limit of 110 km/h. The driving distance was about 15 km. In the

    main experiment dealing with mobile phone conversation, a number of driving

    performance measures were analysed: driving speed, variation in lateral

    position, deceleration, brake reaction time, headway, time to collision, etc.

    PDT (Peripheral Detection Task) was used as a measure of mental workload.

    Mobile phone conversation was found demanding in terms of mental workload. It

    also had effects on driving. Most effects were quite similar for the two

    phone modes (handsfree, handheld). Impaired reaction time performance was

    demonstrated in one of the situations for handheld mode. However, effects

    were found which could be interpreted as attempts to compensate for the

    increased workload caused by the mobile phone conversation: speed was reduced

    (more so for handheld than for handsfree mode), and time and distance headway

    increased. In spite of these compensatory behaviours, mental workload was

    still markedly increased by phone use. In the SMS experiment the participants

    braked later in one situation when reading the SMS message. No other effects

    were found in this minor experiment. In the DVD experiment, mental workload

    increased when watching the film, although this was compensated for to some

    extent by the increased distance headway to a lead vehicle. No compensation

    in terms of reduced driving speed, however, was apparent in this experiment.

    In the dialling experiment negative effects on traffic safety were evident

    from the larger variance of lateral car position during the dialling task for

    the handsfree phone mode. The mental workload also increased with the

    dialling task. Compensation in terms of reduced driving speed was apparent

    for both phone modes. Other aspects of mobile phone use while driving still

    remain to be analysed in more detail, such as starting or finishing a call,

    looking for a phone number to dial, mishaps like dropping the phone, etc.

  • 26.
    Kircher, Katja
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Ahlström, Christer
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Fors, Carina
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Forward, Sonja
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Gregersen, Nils Petter
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hjälmdahl, Magnus
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Jansson, Jonas
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users.
    Lindberg, Gunnar
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users.
    Patten, Christopher
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Countermeasures against dangerous use of communication devices while driving –: a toolbox2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report outlines possible means to reduce the dangerous usage of mobile phones and other communication devices while driving. An important aspect of this commission was to demonstrate alternatives to legislation. The suggested countermeasures cover several areas. One is technical solutions, including countermeasures directed towards the infrastructure, the vehicle and the communication device. Another area includes education and information and describes different ways to increase knowledge and understanding. Furthermore, there are different possibilities for how society can influence the behaviour of individuals, both via bans, recommendations and incentives. The usage of communication devices while driving has both advantages and disadvantages. How to deal with device usage is a complex problem, and it is unlikely that one single countermeasure can provide a complete solution. One countermeasure may even depend on the implementation of others. The exact effect of most countermeasures is hard to predict, and possible side effects may occur. It is therefore necessary to be pragmatic, meaning that countermeasures whose advantages outweigh their disadvantages should be implemented. Also, different countermeasures can reinforce each other which may attenuate negative side effects. It is our opinion that a combination of different countermeasures – which educate and inform the driver while at the same time support him or her in a safe usage of communication devices – is preferable to a law against communication device usage while driving. Continuous follow-ups are necessary to ensure the outcome of implemented countermeasures.

  • 27.
    Kircher, Katja
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Gregersen, Nils Petter
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Ahlström, Christer
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Fors, Carina
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Forward, Sonja
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
    Hjälmdahl, Magnus
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport.
    Jansson, Jonas
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users.
    Lindberg, Gunnar
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics Stockholm.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users.
    Patten, Christopher
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
    Åtgärder mot trafikfarlig användning av kommunikationsutrustning under körning: en verktygslåda2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report outlines possible means to reduce the dangerous usage of mobile phones and other communication devices while driving, while at the same time preserve the positive effects. The suggested countermeasures cover several areas and are intended to function as alternatives to banning device usage. One is technical solutions, including countermeasures directed towards the infrastructure, the vehicle and the communication device. Another area includes education and information and describes different ways to increase knowledge and understanding. Furthermore, there are different possibilities for how society can influence the behaviour of individuals, both via bans, recommendations and incentives. We want to point out that the usage of communication devices while driving has both advantages and disadvantages. How to deal with device usage is a complex problem, and it is unlikely that one single countermeasure can provide a complete solution. One countermeasure may even depend on the implementation of others. The exact effect of most countermeasures is hard to predict, and possible side effects may occur. It is therefore necessary to be pragmatic, meaning that countermeasures whose advantages outweigh their disadvantages should be implemented. Also, different countermeasures can reinforce each other which may attenuate negative side effects.

  • 28.
    Lindberg, Gunnar
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Kosonen, Iisakki
    Archer, Jeffery
    Vogel, Katja
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Traffic Simulation as a Basis for Assessment of Safety Effects of ITS2000Report (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Moren, Bertil
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Landström, Ulf
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Sandberg, Ulf
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Törnros, Jan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Inverkan av infraljud, buller och värme på prestation och vakenhet under fordonskörning: En simulatorstudie1989Report (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Moren, Bertil
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Förarplats i buss: Etapp 11989Report (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Antikollisionssystem1992Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Arbetsmiljön vid arbete på och invid väg: Minnesanteckningar från ett VTI-seminarium 1988-04-281988Report (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Behavioural research in an advanced driving simulator: Experiences of the VTI system : reprint from Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 37th Annual Meeting October 11-15, 1993, Seattle, Washington, USA, pp 612-6161993Report (Other academic)
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    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Report from Head Up Display (HUD) Workshop Paris May 27-28 19911992Report (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Safety effects of adaptive cruise controls in critical traffic situations1996Report (Other academic)
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    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    The VTI driving simulator: description of a research tool : reprint from Drive Project V1017 (Bertie), October 19891989Report (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Nilsson, Lena
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Trafiksäkerheten vid vägarbeten: Fordonsförarnas situation: En litteraturstudie1990Report (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
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    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Effects of a vision enhancement system on drivers' ability to drive safely in fog1996Report (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Alm, Håkan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Effects of mobile telephone use on elderly drivers' behaviour - including comparisons to young drivers behaviour1991Report (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Alm, Håkan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Elderly people and mobile telephone use effects on driver behaviour?1991Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Alm, Håkan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
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    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Collision avoidance systems: Effects of different levels of task allocation on driver behaviour1993Report (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Berlin, Maria
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Driver attitudes and behavioural changes related to presentation of roadside information inside the car: A pilot study of the CAROSI system1992Report (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Berlin, Maria
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Försök med backvarningssystem i samband med beläggningsarbete: chaufförernas och beläggningsarbetarnas upplevelser2000Report (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Berlin, Maria
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hastigheter och trafikantupplevelser i samband med slåtter på riksväg 23 utanför Växjö2000Report (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Berlin, Maria
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hastigheter och trafikantupplevelser vid olika utformningar av en vägarbetsplats för beläggningsarbete utanför Finspång2000Report (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Berlin, Maria
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hastigheter och trafikantupplevelser vid olika utformningar av en vägarbetsplats för broreparation på väg 331 utanför Bergeforsen2000Report (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Berlin, Maria
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Dahlman, Joakim
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hastigheter och trafikantupplevelser i samband med kantstolpstvätt på hög- och lågtrafikerad väg i Värmland2000Report (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Berlin, Maria
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Dahlman, Joakim
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hastigheter och trafikantupplevelser i samband med kantstolpstvätt på väg 288 utanför Gimo2000Report (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
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    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
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    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hastigheter och trafikantupplevelser i samband med slåtter på väg 55 utanför Enköping2000Report (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Nilsson, Lena
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    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
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    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
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    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hastigheter och trafikantupplevelser i samband med snöstörsättning på mindre lågtrafikerad väg i Värmland2000Report (Other academic)
12 1 - 50 of 72
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