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  • 1.
    Anund, Anna
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hjälmdahl, Magnus
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Sehammar, Håkan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Palmqvist, Göran
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Thorslund, Birgitta
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Placement and design of milled rumble strips on centre line and shoulder: A driving simulator study2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A driving simulator experiment was carried out in order to investigate the effects on fatigued drivers of rumble strips on narrow roads (<9 meters) on

    both shoulder and centre lines. The driving simulator was an advanced moving base passenger car simulator (VTI´s third generation moving base driving simulator). Four different physical designs of milled rumble strips and two placements on shoulder were used in the experiment. Both driving behaviour (e.g. lateral position, speed, steering wheel angle) and physiological data (brain activity (EEG), eye activity (EOG) and muscle activity (EMG)) were recorded. The drivers were also asked to rate their level of sleepiness every 5 minutes during the drive. They were trained to use the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS). Data from 40 regular shift workers driving during morning hours after a full night shift were used in the analysis. The shift workers were equally distributed by gender and recruited by advertisement in the newspaper. They were paid 150 Euro for participating. The experiment was approved by an ethical committee. The experiment was carried out in two parts: the first part aimed to investigate primary effects of rumble strips, i.e. preventing an accident; the second part aimed to obtain the drivers' conscious preferences in terms of placement and design. It was concluded that despite rumble strip design and placement, rumble strips had clear alerting effects and consistently induced correct averting action. Based on the drivers' preference and the results, there seems to be no risk associated with using more aggressive rumble strips such as Swedish or Pennsylvania. Regarding the placement, there seem to be no differences and it is important to obtain the opinions of truck and bus drivers before it is possible to make a recommendation.

  • 2.
    Bolling, Anne
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Vehicle technology and simulation.
    Jansson, Jonas
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Vehicle technology and simulation.
    Genell, Anders
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Vehicle technology and simulation. Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    Hjort, Mattias
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Vehicle technology and simulation.
    Lidström, Mats
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Vehicle technology and simulation.
    Nordmark, Staffan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Vehicle technology and simulation.
    Palmqvist, Göran
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Vehicle technology and simulation.
    Sehammar, Håkan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Vehicle technology and simulation.
    Sjögren, Leif
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Infrastructure maintenance.
    Ögren, Mikael
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
    SHAKE - an approach for realistic simulation of rough roads in a moving base driving simulator2010In: Trends in driving simulation design and experiments: proceedings of the driving simulation conference Europe 2010, Arcueil: Institut national de recherche sur les transports et leur securite, INRETS , 2010, p. 135-143Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With today’s advanced measurement equipment for measuring roads, it is possible to measure road geometry at high precision within a large span of wavelengths. Detailed information about the roads longitudinal and lateral profile, including macro texture, would in theory be sufficient for a realistic reproduction of road induced vibration and noise in a driving simulator. Especially, it would be possible to create a direct connection between the visual information of the road condition and the ride experience, which would increase the level of realism in the simulation. VTI has during three years performed an internal project called SHAKE with the aim to develop and implement models in VTI driving simulator III that use measured road data for generating realistic vibrations and audible road noise connected to the visual impression presented on the projection screen. This has indeed resulted in an more realistic driving experience, and a validation study with test persons driving both in the simulator and in the field has been undertaken. The OpenDRIVE standard is used as a framework for describing the road properties (e.g. visual, vibrations and noise). For this purpose some augumentations to the OpenDRIVE standard had to be made. This paper describes the technical implementations in the driving simulator, along with results from test drives on the implemented road sections

  • 3.
    Fischer, Martin
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Vehicle technology and simulation.
    Sehammar, Håkan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Vehicle technology and simulation.
    Palmkvist, Göran
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Vehicle technology and simulation.
    Motion cueing for 3-, 6- and 8- degrees-of-freedom motion systems2010In: Proceedings of the driving simulation conference Europe 2010: trends in driving simulation design and experiments, Bron: Institut national de recherche sur les transports et leur securite, INRETS , 2010, p. 121-134Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Kullberg, G
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nordström, O
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Palmkvist, G
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Anti-lock braking system for passenger cars development of a brake system giving yaw stability and steerability during emergency braking1977Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Nordmark, Staffan
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Jansson, Håkan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Lidström, Mats
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Palmkvist, Göran
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    A moving base driving simulator with wide angle visual system: prepared for the TRB conference session on "Simulation and instrumentation for the 80s", 64th Annual Meeting, Transportation Research Board, 14-18 January 1985, Washington D.C.1986Report (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Palmkvist, G
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Grundprinciper samt teknisk beskrivning av slirvarnarprototyp1978Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Palmkvist, Göran
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Magnusson, Georg
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Validering av längsprofilmätare ingående i mätfordonet Laser RST1990Report (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Palmkvist, Göran
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nordström, Olle
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Hybridmetod för provning av antilåssystem1987Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Törnros, Jan
    et al.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Jansson, Håkan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Laurell, Hans
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Lidström, Mats
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Moren, Bertil
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nordmark, Staffan
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Palmkvist, Göran
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    The VTI driving simulator: Driver performance applications (Reprint from: Simulation in traffic systems - human aspects. Workshop, June 3-4, 1988, Bremen. Commission of the European Communities)1988Report (Other academic)
1 - 9 of 9
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