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Why do CO2 Emissions from Heavy Road Freight Transport Increase in Spite of Higher Fuel Prices?
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.
2016 (English)In: Energy and Environment, Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2016, 259-276 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The chapter analyzes why CO2 emissions from heavy road freight transports increase in spite of higher fuel prices. Swedish time series data for 1990-2011 are analyzed with the help of indicators. The logistic efficiency and the energy efficiency improved, especially in the 1990s due to the allowance of heavier trucks. Since then, no major efficiency gains have been realized. Potentially cost-effective technologies exist but technical, institutional and financial barriers reduce the incentives for the transport firms to implement these.

Split incentives caused by contract structures or ownership patterns can impede the employment of the technologies. If fuel savings are realized, rebound effects can appear that cancel out improved energy efficiency. Deeper knowledge of the impacts of policy measures is required in order to understand why CO2 emissions increase despite increased fuel prices. A better understanding of the model simplifications in the Swedish national model Samgods is also needed, as well as an analysis of what is required to better mirror the contracts that exist.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2016. 259-276 p.
Keyword [en]
Carbon dioxide, Emission, Lorry, Fuel consumption, Elasticity, Diesel oil, Price, Tax
National Category
Economics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning; 10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 12 Road: Freight transport; 10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 15 Road: Environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-10917DOI: 10.1002/9781119307761.ch17Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84984671975ISBN: 9781119307761 (print)ISBN: 9781786300263 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-10917DiVA: diva2:970936
Available from: 2016-09-15 Created: 2016-09-15 Last updated: 2016-09-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf