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Effektiva kontraktsmodeller för vägunderhåll
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5331-843X
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5814-917X
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Efficient road maintenance contracting (English)
Abstract [sv]

I denna rapport redovisas internationella erfarenheter av upphandling av avhjälpande vägunderhåll. Studien beskriver upphandlingsförfarandet i Norge, Skottland och Ontario (Kanada) samt resultat från relevant litteratur. Genomgångarna har fokuserats på skillnaden i effektivitet mellan utförarkontrakt och funktionskontrakt samt hur incitament, riskfördelning, konkurrenssituation och kvalitetsdimensioner påverkar utfallet av kontrakten. Resultaten pekar på att Ontario och Norge utgår från funktionskontrakt. Under senare tid har vissa aspekter av dessa kontrakt omprövats då problem har uppstått främst i vinterunderhållet. I Ontario vägs nu kvalitet in i anbudsprocessen och i Norge används en ny ersättningsmodell som avser att balansera negativa incitament. I Norge testas även nya kontraktsmodeller på fem platser i landet. Skottland använder utförarkontrakt och har under senare tid utprovat indikatorer för att fånga kvaliteten på vinterunderhåll genom att använda friktionsmätning. I litteraturen finns ofta en positiv grundsyn på funktionskontrakt. Ingen studie har dock påträffats som mäter effektiviseringar till följd av en viss kontraktsmodell där hänsyn tas till eventuella samtidiga effekter i kvalitet eller kontraktsmodellens långsiktiga påverkan.

Abstract [en]

The study in this report reviews international experiences of contracting of routine road maintenance. The study describes the contracting models used in Norway, Scotland and Ontario (Canada), as well as the results from the relevant research literature. Focus has been to map differences in efficiency between traditional and performance-based contracting, as well as the effects of incentives, risk sharing, competition and quality dimensions in contracting. The results show that Ontario and Norway have largely performance-based contracting models. Recently, some aspects of these contracts have been reconsidered because of problems mainly with respect to winter maintenance. In Ontario, quality is now considered as one component for identifying the winning bidder; Norway has a new reimbursement model that aim to balance the contractors’ incentives. Also, Norway is testing new contracting models in five areas. Scotland uses traditional contracts and is testing a new performance indicator to improve winter maintenance by using measurements of friction. In the literature, the view on performance-based contracting is often positive. But no study has been found that measures the efficiency of different contracting models that accounts for possible simultaneous changes in quality or long-term effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2016. , 78 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 894
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-10743OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-10743DiVA: diva2:947433
Available from: 2016-07-08 Created: 2016-07-08 Last updated: 2016-07-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(3820 kB)76 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Österström, JohannesNilsson, Jan-Eric
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Output format
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