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Intermodala transporter: definition, aktörer och omfattning
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Intermodal transports : definition, actors and scope (English)
Abstract [sv]

Intermodala transporter och kombinerade transporter används ofta synonymt idag. Begreppet kombinerade transporter har dock funnits mycket längre och avsåg då transporter där järnvägen och lastbilar kombinerades. Numer räknas en kombinerad transport som att lasten antingen går på järnväg, inre vattenvägar eller till havs och med lastbil, eller mellan två trafikslag där inte lastbil är inkluderat.

En intermodal transport föregås av ett transportbeslut och för många typer av gods är inte en intermodal transport rimlig, till exempel för virkes- och bulktransporter, medan det för andra varor, såsom detaljhandels- och livsmedelsvaror, finns en valmöjlighet hur godset ska transporteras. Det är då som aktivt beslut kan tas för en intermodal transport, givet att den som äger transportbeslutet känner till transportsättet i fråga. Transportbeslutet är också styrt av tåglägen, finns inte kapacitet på spåren kan inte transporter göras med järnväg. Detta kan potentiellt innebära att vissa (tåg)affärer/transporter inte blir av och godset går på vägen istället.

Abstract [en]

Intermodal and combined transport is often used synonymously today. The concept of combined transport has been around much longer and referred to as transportation where railway and a truck are being combined. Nowadays a combined transport often means that the goods either go by rail, inland waterways or sea and by road, or between two transport modes where trucks are not included. Intermodal and combined transport is often used synonymously today. The concept of combined transport has been around much longer and referred to as transportation where railway and a truck are being combined.

Nowadays a combined transport often means that the goods either go by rail, inland waterways or sea and by road, or between two transport modes where trucks are not included. The EU’s so-called combi directive defines both in the same way and one of the EU Commission’s proposal to amend this directive is that EU should be considered to replace the concept of combined transport with intermodal transport. An intermodal transport precedes by a transportation decision, and this decision is often linked to a specific train path (tågläge in Swedish). If there is shortage of capacity on the track, the goods may have difficulties to be transported by train. This could potentially mean that some (rail) business / transports will not take place and the goods go by road instead.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2016. , 38 p.
Series
VTI notat, 12-2016
Keyword [en]
Intermodal transport (freight), Definition, Market, Transport operator, Statistics, Sweden
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 12 Road: Freight transport; J00 Railway: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, J05 Railway: Freight transport
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-10734OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-10734DiVA: diva2:937243
Available from: 2016-06-15 Created: 2016-06-15 Last updated: 2016-08-22Bibliographically approved

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Ahlberg, Joakim

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CiteExportLink to record
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