Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Safe Driving and Executive Functions in Healthy Middle-Aged Drivers
Autonomous University of Madrid.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Trafikanttillstånd, TIL.
Autonomous University of Madrid.
University of Seville.
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: Applied neuropsychology. Adult, ISSN 2327-9095, E-ISSN 2327-9109, 1-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

The introduction of the point system driver’s license in several European countries could offer a valid framework for evaluating driving skills. This is the first study to use this framework to assess the functional integrity of executive functions in middle-aged drivers with full points, partial points or no points on their driver’s license (N = 270). The purpose of this study is to find differences in executive functions that could be determinants in safe driving. Cognitive tests were used to assess attention processes, processing speed, planning, cognitive flexibility, and inhibitory control. Analyses for covariance (ANCOVAS) were used for group comparisons while adjusting for education level. The Bonferroni method was used for correcting for multiple comparisons. Overall, drivers with the full points on their license showed better scores than the other two groups. In particular, significant differences were found in reaction times on Simple and Conditioned Attention tasks (both p-values < 0.001) and in number of type-III errors on the Tower of Hanoi task (p = 0.026). Differences in reaction time on attention tasks could serve as neuropsychological markers for safe driving. Further analysis should be conducted in order to determine the behavioral impact of impaired executive functioning on driving ability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. 1-9 p.
Keyword [en]
Driver, Cognition, Test, Attention, Planning, Driving, Ability (road user)
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-10611DOI: 10.1080/23279095.2015.1137296Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84963804612OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-10611DiVA: diva2:926848
Available from: 2016-05-10 Created: 2016-05-10 Last updated: 2016-05-10Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Solís-Marcos, Ignacio
By organisation
Trafikanttillstånd, TIL
In the same journal
Applied neuropsychology. Adult
Applied Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 17 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf