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Undiagnosed attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among unionized drivers in Ghana: public health and policy implications
University of Alabama.
University of Alabama.
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Accra.
University of Western Ontario.
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Road traffic accidents (RTA) are among the leading causes of mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Many males that drop out of school in Ghana, a population at risk for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), find employment by joining driver’s unions. Moreover, the vehicles of Ghanaian unionized drivers are over-represented in fatal road accidents. Untreated ADHD has been linked with higher rates of RTAs. The objectives of this cross-sectional analysis is to determine the following among unionized drivers in Ghana: 1) the prevalence of ADHD, and 2) the association between self-reported ADHD risk and driving behavior. Data comes from participants’ responses (200 unionized drivers and 171 community controls) to a 6-item ADHD Self - Report Scale (ASRS), the Driving Behavior Survey (DBS), and  a culturally adapted  version of the Jerome Driving Questionnaire (JDQ-GH). The self-reported prevalence of ADHD was 17.6% for the unionized drivers and 7.8% for the control group (χ2 = 7.7, df = 1, p = .006). Also, ADHD drivers endorsed that they were more likely to pay bribes to police and having worse driving behaviors across among both unionized drivers and controls. Study findings suggest that increased awareness of ADHD and possible screening of drivers for ADHD with subsequent evaluation and treatment may result in prevention of vehicle accidents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2016.
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Research subject
X RSXC
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-10291OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-10291DiVA: diva2:921973
Conference
17th International Conference Road Safety On Five Continents (RS5C 2016), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 17-19 May 2016
Available from: 2016-05-04 Created: 2016-04-21 Last updated: 2016-06-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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