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Why truck distance taxes are contagious and drive fuel taxes to the bottom
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK. Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
2016 (English)In: Journal of Urban Economics, ISSN 0094-1190, E-ISSN 1095-9068, Vol. 93, 1-17 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Text
Abstract [en]

This paper analyzes the way in which countries with international and local truck traffic decide to switch from a simple fuel tax system to a dual system of fuel and distance charge taxes. We show what drives a country to switch and how this affects the level of fuel taxes as well as incentives for other countries to also adopt the dual system. The model is partially able to explain the gradual extension of kilometer charging for trucks in Europe. The model also shows that, in the absence of diesel cars, the gradual introduction of kilometer charges will make fuel taxation for trucks virtually disappear and will lead to a system where truck use is (1) taxed mainly based on distance, (2) is taxed too heavily, and (3) where highest distance taxes are expected in transit countries with a strong market position. When the fuel tax must in addition serve as an externality tax for diesel cars, the introduction of distance charges for trucks will give rise to diesel taxes that are lower than the external cost of diesel cars. For trucks, this leads to a sum of diesel taxes and distance charges that are higher than the external cost of trucks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 93, 1-17 p.
Keyword [en]
ax, Fuel, Diesel oil, Vehicle kilometer, Lorry, Road pricing, Calculation, Mathematical model
National Category
Economics Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
00 Road: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, 02 Road: Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-10110DOI: 10.1016/j.jue.2016.02.001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84959370854OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-10110DiVA: diva2:912283
Available from: 2016-03-16 Created: 2016-03-16 Last updated: 2016-03-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf