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Kostnader för störningar i infrastrukturen: metodik och fallstudier på väg och järnväg
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Costs of disruption in the infrastructure : methodology and case studies on road and railway (English)
Abstract [sv]

Studien i detta notat belyser metodiken som kan användas vid beräkningar av samhällets kostnader vid störningar i samhällets infrastruktur, framför allt väg- och järnvägstrafik. Ur ett samhällsekonomiskt perspektiv innebär störningar i infrastrukturen kostnader till följd av förseningar, utebliven produktion och kostnader för omledningar med mera. Det är av vikt att beskriva vilken belastning i form av förlorade eller förbrukade resurser som dessa störningar av olika slag innebär för samhället. Utgångspunkten för beräkningen av kostnaderna har varit genom den samhällsekonomiska kalkylen, med kalkylvärden från ASEK (Arbetsgruppen för samhällsekonomisk analysmetod inom transportsektorn); såsom åktidsvärden, förseningstidsvärden samt trängseltidsvärden. Den värdering av tid som görs i transportsektorns samhällsekonomiska kalkyler avser det marginella värdet av en inbesparad timme restid, väntetid eller bytestid för personresor och transporttid för gods.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to illustrate the methodology that can be used in calculations of the cost to society when disruptions in the infrastructure occurs, specifically for traffic on road and rail. The principles and values that are recommended to be used in social cost-benefit analyses (CBA) in the Swedish transport sector are proposed by the ASEK-group (a working-group addressing issues on the application of CBA in the transport sector), and decided by the Swedish Transport Administration. They will be taken as given on the cost side of the CBA in this study, there will not be a benefit side since the interest for this study lies expressively on the cost side. This study is thus not a normative analysis, the aim is instead to study and apply methodologies for valuing (in monetary terms) the consequences of already occurred disturbances. The various ASEK-values require information about several aspect of the trips when calculating the value of travel time and transport time, as well as when calculating the delays and the value of travel time savings in congestion. Even though the ASEK-values are recommended by the Swedish Transport Administration, they are also questioned, especially for freight transport. This is also addressed in the report.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2015. , 43 p.
Series
VTI notat, 22-2015
Keyword [en]
Delay, Congestion (traffic), Social cost, Calculation, Rail traffic, Road traffic
National Category
Economics
Research subject
00 Road: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, 02 Road: Economics; J00 Railway: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, J13 Railway: Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-8032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-8032DiVA: diva2:860689
Available from: 2015-10-13 Created: 2015-10-13 Last updated: 2016-02-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
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