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A novel method for determination of size-resolved, submicrometer particle traffic emission factors
Göteborgs Universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2679-2611
Göteborgs Universitet.
2005 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 39, no 19, 7609-7615 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A novel approach to determine size-segregated particle number emission factors for traffic is presented. It was proven that using limited data sets (800-2000 samples) statistically significant emission factors from road traffic can be extracted. In this study, data from four sites were used for calculating emission factors (rural and urban roadside, urban rooftop, and urban background). The measurements were performed using SMPS/DMPS (scanning or differential particle sizers) from TSI and commercial gas analyzers. Describing the particle concentration as a ratio to an exhaust trace gas, e.g. NOx, the dilution effect will be minimized.

This ratio is easily compared among different studies. By knowledge of the emission factor of the chosen trace gas the emission ratio can be converted to an emission factor for particle numbers of defined particle sizes. For the presented method only one measurement site is needed, where the difference between high and low (background) traffic exposure is used. To define high and low traffic exposure, the best result was obtained using high ratio of [NO] to [NO2] and low [NOx], respectively. Emission ratios for 10-100-nm particles at two road sites, one high-speed 90-kmph rural case and one urban, slower, and more congested situation, were determined to (35±15) × 1014 and (24±8) × 1014 particles per mole NOx, respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 39, no 19, 7609-7615 p.
Keyword [en]
Particulate matter, Emission, Measurement, Concentration (chem)
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 15 Road: Environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-8007DOI: 10.1021/es048208yISI: 000232410000044PubMedID: 16245834Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-26044460920OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-8007DiVA: diva2:851851
Available from: 2015-09-07 Created: 2015-09-07 Last updated: 2016-09-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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