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Unga mopedisters olycksinblandning: orsaker och konsekvenser
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic safety, society and road-user.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5198-8851
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
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2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Accident involvement of young moped riders : causes and consequences (English)
Abstract [sv]

Det övergripande syftet med den här undersökningen är att öka kunskaperna om de processer som leder fram till olyckor genom en kunskapsöversikt, djupstudier av mopedolyckor med svår skada och analyser av ungdomars diskussioner om moped på internet. Mopedolyckor är vanligast bland unga män. En mängd olika bakomliggande faktorer har identifierats som har betydelse för mopedisters möjligheter att köra säkert och undvika olyckor. Utöver förmågan att hantera sitt fordon i trafik presenteras aspekter som är avgörande för motivation och vilka beslut man tar inför och under färd. Dessa aspekter kan till exempel vara ålder, kön, personlighet, grupptillhörighet, socioekonomisk bakgrund och fysiologisk utveckling, bland annat av hjärnan. Statistik över mopedförsäljning visar att mopedförsäljningen minskar i Sverige. Störst är nedgången för klass I. Orsakerna kan vara flera, till exempel nya körkortsregler eller lågkonjunktur. Nedgången avspeglar sig också i olycksutvecklingen där antalet skadade och dödade mopedister minskar över tid. Även dominansen av olycksdrabbade bland 15-åringar minskar. Av intervjuerna framgår att detta med att samlas i gäng omkring mopederna mest är något som pojkar gör. Det hänger också ihop med åldern. När man börjat gymnasiet framträder andra intressen på helger och fritid än att köra runt med mopederna. Från internetanalysen kan man konstatera att det på många platser diskuteras mellan ungdomar om mopeden. Det handlar om teknik, reservdelar, trimning, fortkörning, hjälmanvändning, polisingripanden med mera. De diskussioner som förs kan betraktas som en grund för etablering av rollmodeller, förebilder och ideal för olika subkulturer inom mopedvärlden, oftast med negativ slagsida ur trafiksäkerhetsperspektiv. Åtgärder diskuteras när det gäller polisinsatser och regelverk, åldersgränser, teknik, försäkring, utbildning, ungdoms- och föräldramedverkan, informationskampanjer, internet, fordonsklassificering, infrastruktur och framtida tekniska stödsystem.

Abstract [en]

The general aim of this study is to increase knowledge about the processes leading to accidents. This was done with a knowledge review, an in-depth study of moped crashes with serious injuries and an analysis of teenagers’ discussions on the internet about moped riding. Moped accidents are most common among young men. A number of different contributing factors have been identified as important for the possibilities to drive safely and avoid accidents. In addition to skills to maneuver the moped in traffic, other aspects important for motivation and choices before and during driving are presented. This may for example be age, sex, personality, group affiliation, socio economic standing and brain maturation. The statistics on moped sales show that fewer and fewer mopeds are sold in Sweden. The reduction in sales of class I is largest. There are several possible reasons for this, such as new rules for licensing or low economic growth. The reduction is also reflected in a reduction of the number of accident and injured persons over time. The domination by accidents involving 15-year-olds are also decreasing. From the interviews, it is obvious that riding moped in gangs is something that mainly boys are doing. Riding in gangs is also age related since when they are continuing to the gymnasium (high school), other interests than moped riding are taking over, occupying evenings and weekends. From the Internet analysis, it is clear that young people are discussing mopeds and moped riding in many different forums. The topics are spare parts, technical matters, tuning, speeding, helmet use, police chases etc. The discussions may be regarded as a basis for the development of role models and ideal for different subcultures within the moped world. Measures were discussed in the areas of police, rules and regulations, age limits, technical aspects, insurance, education, parental engagement, information campaigns, internet, vehicle classifications, infrastructure and future technical support systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2015. , 89 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 856
Keyword [en]
Moped rider, Accident, Cause, Behaviour, Attitude (psychol), Adolescent, Injury, Insurance, Moped, Interview, Observation, Internet, Accident prevention, Statistics
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 811 Road: Accident statistics; 80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-7918OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-7918DiVA: diva2:814904
Available from: 2015-05-28 Created: 2015-05-28 Last updated: 2016-04-12Bibliographically approved

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Gregersen, Nils PetterGustafsson, SusanneNyberg, JonnaStave, ChristinaSörensen, Gunilla
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