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The allocation of transport infrastructure in Swedish municipalities: welfare maximization, political economy or both?
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7864-5982
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5814-917X
2015 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The choice of transport infrastructure projects to include in the National Transport Infrastructure Plans in Sweden is often said to be motivated by the weighing of cost against social benefits. Examining the projects that are included in the Plans, it is clear, however, that not all projects have positive net present values, and are therefore more costly to build than the benefits they create. This paper studies alternative models that might explain the choice of projects. Two political economy models, the district demand and the swing voter with lobbying, are tested, and a model that accounts for the spatial distribution of the projects, as well as the possibility that priorities are based on welfare concerns, is estimated. No support is found for the political economy models. What explains investment volume is the existence of CBA results for a project, which may indicate that welfare benefits have an impact, as do the spatial spillovers from a project’s benefits and lobbying, especially by the municipalities concerned.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Centre for Transport Studies , 2015. , 46 p.
Series
CTS Working Paper, 2015:4
Keyword [en]
Transport infrastructure, Financing, Priority (gen), Choice, Policy, Lobbying, Region, Calculation, Mathematical model
National Category
Economics
Research subject
00 Road: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, 02 Road: Economics; J00 Railway: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, J13 Railway: Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-7779OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-7779DiVA: diva2:789742
Available from: 2015-02-20 Created: 2015-02-20 Last updated: 2016-08-09Bibliographically approved

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Jussila Hammes, JohannaNilsson, Jan-Eric
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf