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Värdering av koldioxidutsläpp från svenska transporter: en kommentar
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Valuation of carbon dioxide emissions from Swedish transports : a comment (English)
Abstract [sv]

I denna rapport analyseras problemet kring hur man ska värdera svenska koldioxidutsläpp med hänsyn till EU:s klimatpolitiska ramverk. När någon aktör under EU:s utsläppstak ökar sina utsläpp måste någon annan minska sina utsläpp i motsvarande mån. Eftersom de totala utsläppen härigenom konstanthålls, uppstår inte någon ytterligare klimateffekt och den så kallade skadekostnadsansatsen förlorar därmed sin relevans för dessa utsläpp. Däremot tar någon annan på sig ytterligare minskningskostnader. Det är dessa kostnader som är de samhällsekonomiska konsekvenserna av ökade utsläpp, exempelvis till följd av ökad trafik i Sverige, och det är dessa som forskarna försökt att skatta i denna rapport.

Abstract [en]

In this report the researcher discusses the problem of assessing the value of Swedish carbon dioxide emissions, given the EU’s climate policy architecture. An important implication of the EU’s emission targets is that when an agent increases its emissions some other agent has to abate correspondingly more so that the aggregate emissions are kept at the target level. Thus, such an emission increment does not increase the risk for climate change. Hereby the approach of valuating carbon emission by assessing the environmental damage has lost its relevance for these emissions. On the other hand, someone else has to bear additional abatement costs. These costs are the economic consequences of increased emissions, e.g. due to increased traffic in Sweden, and those that we are trying to assess here. These costs may be seen as the marginal political valuation of carbon dioxide emissions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2014. , 27 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 835
Keyword [en]
Carbon dioxide, Emission, Value analysis, Social cost, Tax, Trade, EU, Emission control, Air pollution
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 15 Road: Environment; 00 Road: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, 02 Road: Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-7436OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-7436DiVA: diva2:768139
Available from: 2014-12-03 Created: 2014-12-03 Last updated: 2016-01-28Bibliographically approved

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Carlén, Björn
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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