Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Waiting pedestrians in the social force model
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Traffic analysis and logistics.
Linköping Universitet.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Traffic analysis and logistics. Linköpings universitet, Kommunikations- och transportsystem.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9635-5233
2015 (English)In: Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, ISSN 0378-4371, E-ISSN 1873-2119, Vol. 419, 95-107 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Microscopic simulation of pedestrian traffic is an important and increasingly popular method to evaluate the performance of existing or proposed infrastructure. The social force model is a common model in simulations, describing the dynamics of pedestrian crowds given the goals of the simulated pedestrians encoded as their preferred velocities.

The main focus of the literature has so far been how to choose the preferred velocities to produce realistic dynamic route choices for pedestrians moving through congested infrastructure. However, limited attention has been given the problem of choosing the preferred velocity to produce other behaviors, such as waiting, commonly occurring at, e.g., public transport interchange stations.

We hypothesize that: (1) the inclusion of waiting pedestrians in a simulated scenario will significantly affect the level of service for passing pedestrians, and (2) the details of the waiting model affect the predicted level of service, that is, it is important to choose an appropriate model of waiting.

We show that the treatment of waiting pedestrians have a significant impact on simulations of pedestrian traffic. We do this by introducing a series of extensions to the social force model to produce waiting behavior, and provide predictions of the model extensions that highlight their differences. We also present a sensitivity analysis and provide sufficient criteria for stability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 419, 95-107 p.
Keyword [en]
Pedestrian, Waiting time, Mathematical model, Traffic flow, Simulation, Behaviour, Speed
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
20 Road: Traffic engineering, 25 Road: Traffic theory
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-7428DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2014.10.003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84908543809OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-7428DiVA: diva2:764787
Available from: 2014-11-20 Created: 2014-11-20 Last updated: 2016-08-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Johansson, FredrikTapani, Andreas
By organisation
Traffic analysis and logistics
In the same journal
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications
Transport Systems and Logistics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 47 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf