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Luftfartens samhällsekonomiska marginalkostnader: delstudie inom SAMKOST
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Socioeconomic marginal costs of aviation (English)
Abstract [sv]

Den här rapporten är en litteraturstudie av luftfartens samhällsekonomiska marginalkostnader. Den utgör ett delprojekt till VTI:s regeringsuppdrag om att uppdatera kunskapen kring trafikens samhällsekonomiska kostnader (SAMKOST). I rapporten diskuteras vilka effekter som är externa för luftfarten, och vilka som redan är internaliserade. Det är inte helt självklart vilka effekter som bör beaktas som relevanta marginalkostnader för luftfarten. Till exempel kan både trängsel och olyckor ses som internaliserade då de redan är omhändertagna av flygledartjänsten, ett verktyg som alla flygplan måste använda sig av i svenskt luftrum enligt lag. Detsamma gäller infrastrukturen. Den stora externa effekten är flygets miljöpåverkan. Här skiljs på tre olika kategorier; bullerpåverkan, luftkvalitépåverkan och klimatpåverkan.

Abstract [en]

This report is a literature review on the marginal social costs of aviation, and is a sub-project to VTI’s project about updating the knowledge of the external costs of traffic (SAMKOST). The report discusses which impacts of aviation are external, and which are already internalized. It is not entirely clear which impacts that should be considered as the relevant marginal costs for aviation. For example, both congestion and accidents are seen as internalized since they are already taken care of through the air traffic control service, a service that all aircraft must use in Swedish airspace by law. Similar arguments applies to the infrastructure. The large external effect is aviation’s environmental impact. It is separated into three different categories; the impact of noise, air quality and the impact on the climate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2014. , 42 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 833
Keyword [en]
Social cost, External effect, Noise, Air pollution, Greenhouse gas, Delay, Air transport
National Category
Economics
Research subject
SAB, Prd Aircrafts, air transport and airports
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-7421OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-7421DiVA: diva2:763940
Available from: 2014-11-17 Created: 2014-11-17 Last updated: 2016-02-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf