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Prevalence of alcohol, illicit drugs and psychoactive medicines in killed drivers in four European countries
Ghent University.
Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Finland .
Ghent University, National Institute of Criminalistics and Criminology, Belgium .
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2013 (English)In: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, ISSN 1745-7300, E-ISSN 1745-7319, Vol. 21, no 1, 17-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Our objective was to determine the presence of psychoactive substances in blood of drivers killed in road crashes in four European countries. Data from 1118 drivers of car and vans, killed between 2006 and 2009, were collected in Finland, Norway, Portugal and Sweden. The prevalence of any psychoactive substance ranged between 31 and 48%.

Alcohol (>= 0.1 g/L) was the most common finding, 87% had a blood alcohol concentration (BAC)>=.5 g/L. Benzodiazepines (1.8-13.3%) and amphetamines (0-7.4%) were the most prevalent psychoactive medicines and illicit drugs, respectively. Alcohol-drug and drug-drug combinations were rather prevalent. Differences in alcohol/drug findings seemed to reflect differences in use in the countries. More research should be done to develop preventive strategies to reduce the number of alcohol- and drug-related traffic accidents targeting at-risk groups, such as drivers with very high BACs and novice drivers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2013. Vol. 21, no 1, 17-28 p.
Keyword [en]
Drunken driving, Drugs, Fatality, Measurement, Blood alcohol content
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 842 Road: Alcohol and drugs
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-7152DOI: 10.1080/17457300.2012.748809ISI: 000334065400004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84897999039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-7152DiVA: diva2:750431
Available from: 2014-09-29 Created: 2014-09-29 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, Susanne

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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