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Landscape heritage objects' effect on driving: a combined driving simulator and questionnaire study.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7828-3640
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4134-0303
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
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2014 (English)In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 62, 168-77 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

According to the literature, landscape (panoramas, heritage objects e.g. landmarks) affects people in various ways. Data are primarily developed by asking people (interviews, photo sessions, focus groups) about their preferences, but to a lesser degree by measuring how the body reacts to such objects. Personal experience while driving a car through a landscape is even more rare.

In this paper we study how different types of objects in the landscape affect drivers during their drive. A high-fidelity moving-base driving simulator was used to measure choice of speed and lateral position in combination with stress (heart rate measure) and eye tracking. The data were supplemented with questionnaires. Eighteen test drivers (8 men and 10 women) with a mean age of 37 were recruited. The test drivers were exposed to different new and old types of landscape objects such as 19th century church, wind turbine, 17th century milestone and bus stop, placed at different distances from the road driven.

The findings are in some respect contradictory, but it was concluded that that 33% of the test drivers felt stressed during the drive. All test drivers said that they had felt calm at times during the drive but the reason for this was only to a minor degree connected with old and modern objects. The open landscape was experienced as conducive to acceleration. No significant differences could be observed concerning the test drivers' gaze between old or modern objects, but a significant difference was observed between the test drivers' gaze between road stretches with faraway objects and stretches without objects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 62, 168-77 p.
Keyword [en]
Landscape engineering, Impact study, Driver, Attention, Behaviour, Heart beat, Simulator (driving)
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour; 30 Road: Highway design
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-7126DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2013.09.021ISI: 000329599800020PubMedID: 24172083Scopus ID: s2.0-84886995012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-7126DiVA: diva2:748022
Available from: 2014-09-18 Created: 2014-09-18 Last updated: 2016-08-22Bibliographically approved

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Antonson, HansAhlström, ChristerMårdh, SelinaBlomqvist, Göran
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