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The Influence of Groundwater Level on the Structural Behaviour of a Pavement Structure Using FWD
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure. Royal Institute of Technology, KTH. (Pavement Technology)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9482-1691
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure. University of Iceland. (Pavement Technology)
2013 (English)In: The Ninth International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways, and Airfields (BCRRA) / [ed] Inge Hoff, Helge Mork and Rabbira Garba Saba, Akademika forlag, 2013, 485-494 p.Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The effect of groundwater table level on the structural response of an instrumented flexible pavement in southern Sweden was studied using multilevel Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) testing. In order to raise the groundwater table level under the pavement structure, the outlets of the pavement’s subsurface drainage system was blocked for three months. Thereafter, it was unblocked, allowing the pavement to recover to its normal draining condition. During this period, variations in the groundwater level and subsurface volumetric moisture content were registered. Manipulation of the drainage system significantly affected the ground water level and the pavement unbound layers moisture conditions. Both the granular layer and the subgrade stiffness significantly decreased with increasing moisture content. In all the FWDs performed, the granular materials exhibited stress-hardening behaviour. However, the subgrade showed stress-softening response in unsaturated condition and stress-independent behaviour in saturated state. In an attempt to determine the k-theta model parameters from the backcalculated internal stresses and unboundlayers moduli, it was observed that the k1 parameter decreased with increasing moisture content for both the granular layer and the unsaturated subgrade materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Akademika forlag, 2013. 485-494 p.
Keyword [en]
Bearing capacity, Deflectograph, drainage, ground water, moisture content
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Road: Highway design, Road: Freeze-thaw
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-6952ISBN: 978-82-3210285-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-6952DiVA: diva2:734498
Conference
BCRRA 2013, The Ninth International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways, and Airfields,25-27 June 2013, Trondheim, Norway.
Available from: 2014-07-17 Created: 2014-07-17 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved

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http://www.ntnu.no/documents/11617880/37574468/6-BCRRA2013+WS+Frost-Salour-Erlingsson_Final.pdf/87fc0a73-bf5a-4659-ba4c-732b8a91007a

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