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Nykterhetsstödjande system: diskussioner i fokusgrupper
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4790-7094
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction.
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Future system for prevention of drunk driving : discussions within focus groups (English)
Abstract [sv]

Det finns en klar bild av att förare som kör under påverkan av alkohol löper en ökad risk att bidra till olyckor där människor skadas svårt och dödas. Föreliggande projekt har haft som syfte att med hjälp av diskussioner i fokusgrupper (8 stycken) öka kunskapen om förares uppfattning om ett framtida fordonsintegrerat system för att minska onykter körning. Resultaten från studien visar en klar uppfattning om att ett framtida fordonsintegrerat nykterhetsstödjande system kommer att vara till nytta för många, men framförallt för de förare som omedvetet och utan uppsåt kör bil under påverkan av alkohol (t.ex. ”dagen efter”). I diskussionerna framkom det en uppfattning om att personer med alkoholproblem eller kriminalitet med stor sannolikhet kommer att lyckas köra ändå genom exempelvis manipulation av systemet. När det gäller utformning av systemet framkom att det bör vara ”osynligt” för föraren och normalt aldrig märkas av. Återkoppling till föraren var dock önskvärd om systemet inte fungerar tekniskt. I de fall föraren detekteras med alkohol i utandningsluften på nivåer under 0,2 promille var uppfattningen att återkoppling på nivån eventuellt kunde ges. Återkopplingen kan exempelvis ges som ett ljud, men även med visuell information om nivån i detektionen. Om föraren bedöms ha intagit mer alkohol än lagstadgad gräns, var uppfattningen bland deltagarna att bilen inte ska gå att starta, och att föraren inte ska få återkoppling på nivån. Tillförlitlighet och tilltro till att systemet mäter rätt uppfattades som viktigt. För deltagarna var det viktigt att det var förarens utandningsluft och ingen annans som analyserades.

Abstract [en]

There is a common understanding that driving under the influence of alcohol is associated with higher risk of being involved in crashes with injuries and possible fatalities as outcome. The aim with this study was to understand drivers’ vision of a future vehicle integrated system for alcohol detection. Eight focus groups with in total 47 participants representing different stakeholders were recruited and conducted for the purpose. The groups represented young drivers (18–19 years old), males (30–60 years old), females (30–60 years old), elderly (70–90 years old), former alcohol addicts, one group represented authorities and finally one represented retailors and rental car companies. The analysis was based solely on the transcriptions and the analysis was performed using inductive content analysis. The results show a clear view that such future vehicle integrated system will benefit a large group of drivers. They said that the system would probably mainly prevent driving by people who unintentionally and unknowingly drive under the influence of alcohol. The groups did, however, not regard the system as a final solution for the drunk driving problem, and believed that certain groups, such as criminals and alcoholics, would most likely find a way around the system. From the drivers point of view the system most truly should be invisible for the drivers. Feedback to the driver was seen as justified at levels below the legal limit, but not for levels above the limit: for those, the system should simply prevent the car from starting. Feedback should be given through sound or as a visual feedback. Reliability and trust to the system was rated as very important, and it was underlined that it was important that it was the drivers BAC that was detected not the passengers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: VTI , 2014. , 33 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 810
Keyword [en]
Alcolock, Drunken driving, Driver, Attitude, Interview
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Road: Traffic safety and accidents, Road: Alcohol and drugs
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-6846OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-6846DiVA: diva2:711761
Available from: 2014-04-11 Created: 2014-04-11 Last updated: 2014-09-16Bibliographically approved

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