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Aktörer på äldrebilförar-arenan
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
2000 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Actors in the arena of elderly car drivers (English)
Abstract [sv]

Den ökande andelen äldre i befolkningen är en av de stora samhällsfrågorna idag. Transportsektorn utgör inget undantag. Äldre bilförare är en omdiskuterad grupp samtidigt som kunskapen om hur olika aktörer påverkar dem är liten. Denna rapport beskriver därför hur olika organisationer influerar äldre förare ur ett brett perspektiv. Både trafiksäkerhet och mobilitet beaktas.

På politiskt håll hade en utredning om äldre bilförare gjorts. Dess fokus var på trafiksäkerhet ur ett trafikmedicinskt perspektiv. Vi kunde inte finna någon motsvarande utredning med fokus på äldre bilförare och mobilitet. Mönstret återspeglades hos andra aktörer. Det fanns en medvetenhet om äldre bilförare i relation till trafiksäkerhet men mera sällan i relation till äldres mobilitet. Internationellt kunde man skönja en annan trend där brist på mobilitet identifierats som kanske det största problemet för äldre. I den sociala sektorn föreföll det finnas medvetenhet om att bristande mobilitet hos äldre kan bli kostsamt för samhället, ifall äldre passiviseras och inte klarar ett självständigt boende. Bilkörningens förhållande till mobilitet hade man dock inte studerat. Hos några aktörer började ett synsätt på transportsektorns beroende av andra sektorer skymta. Man såg att bebyggelseplanering påverkade mobilitetsbehovet. Många aktörer såg funktionshindrade och äldre som en grupp. Det medförde att vissa grupper av äldre föreföll bortglömda.

Metoden var kvalitativ och explorativ. Många källor användes för att hämta information: intervjuer, hemsidor, litteratur med mera. För att kunna göra informativa beskrivningar över organisationerna valdes några branscher ut. Departement, Vägverket, länsstyrelser, landsting, kommuner, försäkringsbolag, trafikskolor och äldreorganisationer var några av de aktörer som ingick i studien.

Abstract [en]

The increasing number of elderly persons in the population is one of the major social issues today. The transport sector is no exception. Elderly motorists are a frequently discussed group at the same time as there is little knowledge of how they are influenced by different actors. This report therefore describes how different organisations influence elderly drivers seen from a broad perspective. Both road safety and mobility are discussed.

On the political front, an investigation concerning elderly car drivers had earlier been made, in which the focus was on road safety from the perspective of traffic medicine. We could not find any comparative investigation focusing on elderly car drivers and their mobility. The pattern was reflected among other actors. Although there was an awareness of elderly car drivers in relation to road safety, little attention was paid to their mobility. Internationally, it was possible to distinguish another trend where the lack of mobility was identified as possibly the greatest problem for the elderly. In the social sector, there appeared to be an awareness of reduced mobility among the elderly which can be expensive for the community if they become passive and unable to manage independent living. However, the relationship of car driving to mobility had not been studied. A general view of the dependence of the transport sector on other sectors has begun to appear. It is increasingly realised that community planning affects the need for mobility. Many actors regarded the disabled and the elderly as a single group, due to which certain groups among the elderly appeared to be forgotten.

The method was qualitative and explorative. Many sources were used to obtain information: interviews, web sites, literature, and others. A number of specific sources were chosen to create informative descriptions of the organisations. Government departments, the National Road Administration, County Administrative Boards, County Councils, municipalities, insurance companies, driving schools and organisations for the elderly were among the actors included in the study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut , 2000. , 155 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 460
Keyword [en]
Swedish, Sweden, Old people, Driver, Administration, Organization, Transport authority, Policy, International
Research subject
00 Road: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, 01 Road: Organization and administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-6324OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-6324DiVA: diva2:675199
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2017-02-09Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Heikkinen, SatuHakamies-Blomqvist, Liisa
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