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Facing failures: interactions between drivers and advanced driver assistance systems
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Human-vehicle-transport system interaction. Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8243-419X
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Drivers’ interactions with advanced driver assistance systems based on experiences from real driving and results from driving in a driving simulator were under investigation in this thesis. Questions posed were: - How do drivers perceive and interact with ADAS? - How are (technical) failures handled by drivers, and which are the consequences’ of these failures? - Which are the implications for diagnosis and detection of failures, as well as for system development? Special attention was given to driver behavior in response to technical failures in an adaptive cruise control system. The results are based on two studies, adopting an approach with a combination of qualitative and quantitative data. In study I focus group interviews were conducted and in study II a driving simulator experiment was conducted. The findings include notions on behavioral adaptations and monitoring inefficiencies for drivers facing failures. Implications for design, failure detection, and traffic safety are discussed. With regard to human- machine-interaction it is concluded that ADAS have effects on driver’s behavior, that these effects are individual and based on experience, and that measures towards failure containment should be a taken.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Chalmers University of Technology. Department of Product and Production Development , 2012. , 40 p.
Series
Report / Department of Product and Production Development, ISSN 1652-9243 ; 65
Keyword [en]
Adaptive cruise control, Driver assistance system, Driver, Behaviour, Thesis
Keyword [sv]
Adaptiva farthållare, Förarstödssystem, Förare, Beteende, Doktorsavhandling
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour; 90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 914 Road: ITS och vehicle technology; 90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 911 Road: Components of the vehicle
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-5294OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-5294DiVA: diva2:674127
Presentation
2012-06-21, 10:00
Opponent
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Exploring end-user experiences: self-perceived notions on use of adaptive cruise control systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring end-user experiences: self-perceived notions on use of adaptive cruise control systems
2011 (English)In: IET Intelligent Transport Systems, ISSN 1751-956X, E-ISSN 1751-9578, Vol. 5, no 2, 134-140 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores end-user experiences of adaptive cruise control (ACC) systems. A qualitative approach has been applied and data have been collected by means of focus group interviews. A qualitative content analysis was carried out to analyse and interpret collected data. In total the study consists of three focus group sessions with five to seven participants in each. Themes explored include interaction between user and system, functional limitations and trust, and system effects on driving behaviour. Key findings include reported driving behaviour changes as, for instance, an increasing tendency to stay in the right lane as well as users' conception of system functionality from which it can be concluded that end-users of ACC carry rough mental models of the system. A potentially hazardous situation for other road-users following the use of ACC is highlighted and discussed. In addition, some features desired by the end-users are discussed, for example, the call for conventional cruise control functionality when owing to weather conditions functional limitations are apparent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2011
Keyword
Adaptive cruise control, Driver, Behaviour, Acceptability, Attitude (psychol), Interview, Adaptiva farthållare, Förare, Beteende, Godtagbarhet, Attityder, Intervjuer
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour; 90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 914 Road: ITS och vehicle technology; 90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 911 Road: Components of the vehicle
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-5295 (URN)10.1049/iet-its.2010.0116 (DOI)000291030700006 ()
Conference
2nd European Conference on Human Centred Design in ITS
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved
2. Interaction with and use of driver assistance systems: a study of end-user experiences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interaction with and use of driver assistance systems: a study of end-user experiences
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the 18th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems Orlando, 2011, Washington, 2011, , 12 p.Conference paper, (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Washington: , 2011. 12 p.
Keyword
Adaptive cruise control, Collision avoidance system, Driver assistance system, Driver, Behaviour, Attitude (psychol), Acceptability, Interview, Adaptiva farthållare, Kollisionsvarningssystem, Förarstödssystem, Förare, Beteende, Attityder, Godtagbarhet, Intervjuer
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
40 Road: Construction of roads, tunnels and bridges; 90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 914 Road: ITS och vehicle technology; 90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 911 Road: Components of the vehicle
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-5297 (URN)
Conference
18th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems Orlando, October 16-20, 2011
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved
3. Driving with failing automatisation in longitudinal control: a driving simulator study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Driving with failing automatisation in longitudinal control: a driving simulator study
2012 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Publisher
20 p.
Keyword
Adaptive cruise control, Error, Driver, Behaviour, Simulator (driving), Test, Adaptiva farthållare, Fel, Förare, Beteende, Körsimulatorer, Test
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour; 90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 911 Road: Components of the vehicle; 90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 914 Road: ITS och vehicle technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-5299 (URN)2012.0061 (Local ID)2012.0061 (Archive number)2012.0061 (OAI)
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved
4. Driver performance in the presence of adaptive cruise control related failures: implications for safety analysis and fault tolerance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Driver performance in the presence of adaptive cruise control related failures: implications for safety analysis and fault tolerance
2013 (English)In: Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks Workshop (DSN-W) 2013: 43rd Annual IEEE/IFIP, IEEE Press, 2013, , 9 p.1-10 p.Conference paper, (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study explored how failures related to an adaptive cruise control (ACC) were handled by drivers and what the effects on safety can be. The experimental study included forty-eight subjects and was performed in a moving base driving simulator equipped with an ACC. Each subject experienced two different failures in separate scenarios. In total, the study included four different failures, i.e., Unwanted acceleration, Complete lack of deceleration, Partial lack of deceleration, and Speed limit violation. The outcome of each failure scenario has been categorized based on whether the driver managed to avoid a collision or not. For the outcomes where collisions were successfully avoided, the situations were analyzed in more detail and classified according to the strategy used by the driver. Besides showing that partial lack of deceleration caused more collisions than complete lack of deceleration (43% compared to 14% of the participants colliding), the results also indicate a preference among drivers to steer and change lane rather than to apply the brakes when faced with acceleration and deceleration failures. A trade off relationship was identified between allowing a failing ACC to stay operational and on the other hand disabling it when an error is detected. Keeping the system operational can cause confusion about the mode of the system but as the results of the study indicate it can also improve the situation by reducing impact speed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Press, 2013. 9 p.
Keyword
Adaptive cruise control, Error, Driver, Behaviour, Simulator (driving), Test, Adaptiva farthållare, Fel, Förare, Beteende, Körsimulatorer, Test
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 841 Road: Road user behaviour; 90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 914 Road: ITS och vehicle technology; 90 Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, 911 Road: Components of the vehicle
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-5298 (URN)10.1109/DSNW.2013.6615531 (DOI)
Conference
Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks Workshop (DSN-W)2013, 43rd Annual IEEE/IFIP, 24-27 June 2013, Budapest
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf