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Fasten seat belts! Traffic accident situation in Germany and risk homeostasis theory
2001 (English)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Risk homeostasis theory is a behavioural theory of risk taking in road

traffic. So far, most of the published papers concerning RHT and long time

series are based on econometric methods which are not very well suited for

this purpose. We propose here to address the issue using the concept of

stationarity instead of the econometric methods. We then test the RHT with

German traffic accident data and specically analyze compulsory traffic safety

measures (the penalty for not using seat belts) which are ineffective

according to RHT. Our results, found by using several risk measures, show

only weak evidence for RHT. We found that, due to these safety regulations,

accident risk was displaced from more to less severe accidents, as the number

of severe accidents with fatalities and injuries decreased, as did the

average severity of accidents with personal damages. Contrary to RHT, we can

show that compulsory safety measures combined with penalties had a strict

positive effect on the road traffic accident risk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut., VTI konferens , 2001.
Series
VTI konferens, ISSN 1104-7267
Keyword [en]
English, Sweden, Conference, South Africa, Accident, Statistics, Risk, Measurement, Penalty, Offence, Efficiency, Accident prevention, Evaluation
Research subject
Road: Traffic safety and accidents, Road: Accident risk; Road: Traffic safety and accidents, Road: Collation of accident statistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-4963OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-4963DiVA: diva2:673792
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2013-12-03

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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