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Do vision related renewal policies inhibit older driver relicensure?
2001 (English)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

As a group, persons over sixty years of age have higher rates of vision

impairment, and therefore may be at increased risk for vision-related

crashes. In the U.S., some states require vision testing for driver license

renewal, whereas others do not. Further, among those states requiring vision

testing, the frequency and types of vision tests performed vary considerably.

In light of this variability, it is possible that current U.S. vision

screening policies may be ineffective in identifying at visually risk

drivers. A 1998 study of vision testing policies and traffic safety

determined that states with vision testing had significantly lower older

driver traffic fatality rates than states without vision testing

requirements. According to this study, if mandatory vision testing had been

required in 8 of the 10 states not requiring them, 222 lives could have been

saved. The results of this study were consistent with other regional and

national studies of this type. Although the results of this study suggest

that vision related relicensing policies fulfil their intended purpose of

enhancing traffic safety, it is unclear whether there was a concomitant

reduction in the number of elderly drivers in states with vision testing

requirements. The research presented in this paper is an extension of the

1998 study. It investigates whether the proportions of older licensed drivers

in states with vision testing policies were lower than in states without such

policies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut., VTI konferens , 2001.
Series
VTI konferens, ISSN 1104-7267
Keyword [en]
English, Sweden, Conference, South Africa, Driving licence, Old people, Medical examination, Vision, Impact study, Statistics, Analysis, Usa, Accident rate
Research subject
Road: Traffic safety and accidents, Road: Road users
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-4955OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-4955DiVA: diva2:673784
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2013-12-03

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf