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Comparing road fatilities on three continents
University of Stellenbosch, South Africa.
2001 (English)In: Proceedings of the conference Road Safety on Three Continents: International conference in Pretoria, South Africa, 20-22 September 2000 / [ed] Asp, Kenneth, Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2001, Vol. 15A, 263-271 p.Conference paper, (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

It has been shown in the past that the road fatality rates of differentcountries are dependent on the total vehicle ownership of such counties.Recent research has revealed that the passenger car ownership is a betterpredictor of the fatality rate of a country. This is also the case for thedifferent continents. When comparing the fatality rates of three continents,it was found that there are other socio-economic factors, such as income,illiteracy and life expectancy that also contribute to the large differencesbetween the developed countries of the Northern Hemisphere and the developingcountries of Africa. Accident and fatality rates can be expressed in terms ofthe population, or the vehicle or passenger car population or the roadnetwork of a country. In the paper the comparisons are made for all four ofthese rates and the differences are discussed. The relationships between roadsafety and the different socio-economic variables as applicable to thecountries of the three continents are also shown. Conclusions are maderegarding the reasons for the differences in fatality rates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2001. Vol. 15A, 263-271 p.
Series
VTI konferens, ISSN 1104-7267 ; 15A
Keyword [en]
Accident rate, Statistics, Cause, Developing countries, Africa, Europe, USA, Vehicle ownership, Income, Education, Population, Road network, Mathematical model
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 812 Road: Collation of accident statistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-4929OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-4929DiVA: diva2:673758
Conference
Road Safety Three Continents in Pretoria, South Africa, 20-22 September 2000
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2015-09-28Bibliographically approved

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http://vti.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:673688/FULLTEXT01.pdf
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf