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Planering och beslutsprocesser för energieffektivare väg- och gatubelysning i svenska kommuner
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5322-9827
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1041-1981
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Environment.
2013 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Planning and decision-making for more energy efficient road and street lighting in Swedish municipalities (English)
Abstract [sv]

Trots att det under många år har funnits betydligt energieffektivare väg- och gatubelysning (VGB) att tillgå på marknaden än den belysning som idag dominerar i svenska kommuner, sker det relativt få ny- och reinvesteringar i sådan energieffektivare och modernare belysning. Syftet med denna studie är att identifiera faktorer som utgör hinder respektive drivkrafter för ny- och reinvesteringar i energieffektivare VGB genom att analysera planerings- och beslutsprocesser, ansvarsfrågor och aktörer i ett antal svenska kommuner. Vi undersökte hinder och drivkrafter i 12 svenska kommuner av olika storlek genom att intervjua de ansvariga för VGB. Denna undersökning visar att de studerade kommunerna har varierande grad av energieffektiv VGB och olika andel kvicksilverbelysning kvar. De skiljer sig också åt avsevärt i hur de organiserat ansvarsfrågor, beslutsprocesser och hur de arbetar strategiskt med energifrågor. Våra resultat tyder på att det kan utgöra ett hinder för förnyelse när ansvaret för planeringen och förnyelsen av VGB läggs ut på entreprenad, medan brist på kunskap och brist på ekonomiska medel inte framställs som betydande hinder mot förnyelse. Det strategiska sammanhanget, i detta fall målsättningar om energibesparingar, förefaller ha mycket stor betydelse för beslut om investeringar i VGB.

Abstract [en]

Although there has been considerably more energy-efficient road and street lighting available on the market than the light fixtures that dominate in Swedish municipalities today, there are relatively few investments and re-investments in energy-efficient and modern fixtures. This report summarizes an interview-based study of planning, decision making processes, responsibilities, and stakeholder involvement in 12 Swedish municipalities of different sizes to identify factors that constitute barriers or incentives for more energy efficient road and street lighting. The municipalities have highly variable share of mercury lights remaining. The municipalities differ considerably in how they have organized responsibilities and decision-making and how they work strategically with energy issues. Small municipalities had the most energy efficient lighting and all of them stated that energy savings were the main reason for their substitution of mercury lamps. In medium-sized and large municipalities the European Ecodesign Directive was seen as the main motive for renewal of road and street light equipment by four municipalities, and the remaining four municipalities mentioned technically-based reasons for the replacement of old road and street lights. Outsourcing of management, operation and maintenance may constitute a barrier for renewal whereas costs for renewal and lack of knowledge do not seem to be any significant barriers. From the results of this study, the strategic context–in this case strategic work aiming at energy savings–seems to be of great importance for decisions regarding investment in new road and street lights.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2013. , 28 p.
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 786
Keyword [en]
Lighting (street), Energy consumption, Energy conservation, Local authority, Interview
Keyword [sv]
Väg- och gatubelysning, Energiförbrukning, Energihushållning, Kommunalförvaltning, Intervjuer
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Road: Highway design, Road: Safety devices; Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, Road: Environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-1880OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-1880DiVA: diva2:670674
Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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