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BioRID II manikin and human seating position in relation to car head restraint
Umeå universitet, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Applied Mechanics, Göteborg, Sweden.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic safety, society and road-user.
Umeå universitet, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
2008 (English)In: International Journal of Crashworthiness, ISSN 1358-8265, Vol. 13, no 5, 479-485 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of the study was to compare stature, weight and backset (the horizontal distance (x) between the back of the occupant’s head and the front of the seam on top of the head restraint) of the Biofidelic Rear Impact Dummy (BioRID II) to the same variables on seated volunteers in a car. The following methods were used. Data were collected from 154 randomly selected Swedish individuals (78 males and 76 females). The volunteers and the BioRID II were examined in a Volvo V70 car, year model 2003, in three positions: driver (hands on steering wheel), front passenger (hands in lap) and rear passenger. The study results were as follows: the BioRID II was found to correspond approximately to a 35th-45th percentile male in stature (-2 cm), a 35th percentile male in weight (-7 kg), a 96th percentile female in stature (+11 cm) and a 69th percentile female in weight (+8 kg). The BioRID II was designed to represent a male driver. The BioRID II backset corresponded well with the average of the male drivers of its stature. Larger deviations in backset were found for other volunteer sizes and other seating positions. The average backsets were 26 mm for females and 63 mm for males in the front seat positions. The volunteers had larger backset in the driver position (60 mm) than in the front passenger position (29 mm). Smaller differences in backset were seen between the BioRID II and the volunteers in the rear passenger position. This study provides data regarding the occupant size coverage of BioRID II, and unique data regarding backset, of different occupant positions in the car; driver with hands on steering wheel, and front and rear passengers with hands in lap, for female and male in relation to the BioRID II dummy. © 2008 Taylor & Francis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 13, no 5, 479-485 p.
Keyword [en]
Anthropometric dummy, Head restraint, Seat, Position, Man, Woman, Measurement, Dimension, BioRID II, stature, weight, backset, gender, position
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Research subject
Road: Vehicles and vehicle technology, Road: Components of the vehicle; Road: Traffic safety and accidents, Road: Personal injuries
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-240DOI: 10.1080/13588260802120926OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-240DiVA: diva2:660001
Available from: 2013-10-28 Created: 2013-10-28 Last updated: 2014-03-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
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