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The price we pay: essays on distribution and transport
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics.
2019 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis aims to provide knowledge that can be useful when designing or executing transport policy, specifically in relation to the concepts of fairness and distribution. What is considered fair varies among, and within individuals, even within the relatively narrow scope of the transport sector. Because what people perceive as fair varies with the item of distribution as well as among whom the distribution occurs, the distributional principles vary in different parts of the transport sector. While the transport sector does not exist in isolation from the rest of society, it does have three specific features which make it an important area of research. The Hrst feature is that the transport system is used to access amenities and opportunities in other sectors. The distribution in the transport system thus influences distributions in other sectors. The second feature is that the costs and benefits of the transport system are inherently unevenly distributed in space. This second feature does, to a certain extent, induce the uneven distributions of the amenities and opportunities. The third feature is that it is a sector that receives significant public investments and subsidies. The two papers in this thesis relate to these features and distribution in different ways.

While both papers are inherently affected by the third feature, they study different phenomenon. Paper I sets out to improve the understanding of how individuals with low income use the transport system compared to those with higher income; specifically, whether they choose to purchase more expensive public transport tickets than their more affluent peers. Paper II aims to improve the understanding of how the transport sector (potentially) influences outcomes in other sectors by studying how accessibility explains food prices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Faculty of Engineering, Lund University , 2019. , p. 27
Series
Bulletin (Lund University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Technology and Society), ISSN 1653-1930 ; 316
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-15175ISBN: 9789178952823 (print)ISBN: 9789178952830 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-15175DiVA, id: diva2:1424165
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-04-16 Created: 2020-04-16 Last updated: 2020-04-22Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Is it expensive to be poor?: the case of public transport in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is it expensive to be poor?: the case of public transport in Sweden
(English)In: Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-15234 (URN)
Available from: 2020-04-22 Created: 2020-04-22 Last updated: 2020-04-22
2. The relationship between accessibility and price: The case of Swedish food stores
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relationship between accessibility and price: The case of Swedish food stores
2020 (English)In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 82, article id 102615Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Food accessibility has been an important issue for as long as there has been human civilisation. Today, food, at least in the wealthier parts of the world, is accessible to most people. However, there are concerns regarding the market power of major retailers and the availability of affordable food among certain population groups. In this paper, I investigate how well accessibility, the ease with which individuals can reach various destinations, explains food prices in Swedish food stores. I have done this by combining price information on a large number of Swedish food stores from 2010 to 2014 with a state-of-the-art accessibility measure from the Swedish national transport model. I have found a quadratic relationship between accessibility and price, in which prices in the least and most accessible parts of Sweden are 2-3 per cent higher than in the least expensive parts, which are towns and villages around larger cities. The relationship remains significant when adding controls and accessibility is better at explaining price than measures of market structure previously used in the literature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2020
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-15108 (URN)10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2019.102615 (DOI)000510953900032 ()
Available from: 2020-04-22 Created: 2020-04-22 Last updated: 2020-04-22Bibliographically approved

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Bondemark, Anders

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