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Visual perception of speed in drivers with ADHD
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Driver and vehicle.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0330-7695
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Driver and vehicle.
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Sustainable Society, ISSN 1756-2538, E-ISSN 1756-2546, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 125-137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Effects of ADHD on driving speed were studied in a driving simulator with only visual motion cues, by comparing drivers with ADHD diagnosis (n = 36) to drivers from a normal student population (n = 28). Their task was to repeatedly accelerate to own preferred speed for a total of 26 trials (2 baseline, 24 experimental trials). Field of view (1, 3, 5, and 7 monitors) and virtual road markings (on, off) were manipulated. These eight experimental conditions were presented three times each (replicates). Overall mean speed did not differ between groups, but the ADHD group was less affected by the extra motion cues. Also, whereas the control group lowered their speed between replicates, the ADHD group did not. The combined results suggest that for ADHD drivers, speed perception is more of a rule-based skill and more based on attention, whereas the normal student population perceives speed more effortlessly.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. , 2019. Vol. 11, no 2, p. 125-137
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-14934Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85075606427OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-14934DiVA, id: diva2:1387795
Available from: 2020-01-22 Created: 2020-01-22 Last updated: 2020-01-22Bibliographically approved

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Lidestam, BjörnThorslund, Birgitta

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