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Simulated single-bicycle crashes in the VTI crash safety laboratory
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Infrastructure maintenance.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1162-2633
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Infrastructure, Crash safety.
2019 (English)In: Traffic Injury Prevention, ISSN 1538-9588, E-ISSN 1538-957XArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the influence of bicycle design and speed on the head impact when suffering from a single-bicycle crash, and the possibility to study this using crash tests.

Methods: Simulations of single-bicycle crashes were performed in the VTI crash safety laboratory. Two bicycle crash scenarios were simulated: "a sudden stop" and "sideways dislocation of the front wheel"; using four different bicycle types: a "lady's bicycle", a commuter bicycle, a recumbent bicycle and a pedelec; at two speeds: 15 and 25 km/h. In addition, sideway falls were performed with the bicycles standing still. All tests were done with a Hybrid II 50(th) percentile crash test dummy placed in the saddle of the bicycles, with acceleration measurements in the head.

Results: The crash tests showed that a sudden stop, e.g. a stick or bag in the front wheel, will result in a falling motion over the handle bars causing a forceful head impact while a sideways dislocation of the front wheel will result in a falling motion to the side causing a more moderate head impact. The falling motion varies between the different bicycle types depending on crash test scenario and speed. The pedelec had a clearly different falling motion from the other bicycle types, especially at a sudden stop.

Conclusions: The study implies that it is possible to examine single-bicycle crashes using crash tests, even though the setup is sensitive to minor input differences and the random variation in the resulting head impact values can be large. Sideway falls with the bicycles standing still were easier to perform with a good repeatability and indicated an influence of seating height on the head impact.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC , 2019.
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-14819DOI: 10.1080/15389588.2019.1685090ISI: 000500456200001PubMedID: 31800324Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85075939234OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-14819DiVA, id: diva2:1387772
Available from: 2020-01-22 Created: 2020-01-22 Last updated: 2020-01-22Bibliographically approved

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Niska, AnnaWenäll, Jan

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