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Towards occupant protections for both men and women
Japan Automobile Research Institute.
Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic Safety and Traffic System.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6868-5673
2020 (English)In: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Springer Verlag , 2020, Vol. 975, p. 603-615Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The susceptibility of female occupants to Whiplash Associated Disorders (WADs) has been the focus over the past decades. To improve occupant protections, it is required to understand how gender differences affect the WAD injury mechanisms. The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential impact of the whole spinal alignment on the cervical vertebral kinematics and ligament elongation during a rear impact by analysing rear impact reconstruction simulations. The simulations demonstrated a potential impact of gender differences in whole spinal alignment on cervical vertebral kinematics and ligament elongations. It seems that the average female spinal alignment may expose women to larger deformation of the cervical soft tissues considered related to WAD, due to greater cervical vertebral kinematics, compared to the average male spinal alignment. The findings highlight the importance of the whole spinal alignment when developing female models to evaluate WAD countermeasures, and may thus improve occupant protection for women as well as men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag , 2020. Vol. 975, p. 603-615
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health Gender Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-14045DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20216-3_56Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85067417998ISBN: 9783030202156 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-14045DiVA, id: diva2:1356466
Conference
AHFE International Conference on Additive Manufacturing, Modeling Systems and 3D Prototyping, 2019; Washington D.C.; United States; 24 July 2019 through 28 July 2019
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved

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Linder, Astrid

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Total: 37 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf