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Marginal costs for railway level crossing accidents in Sweden
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8979-8781
Trafikverket.
2019 (English)In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 83, p. 68-79Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present study is to estimate accident risks and marginal costs for railway level crossings in Sweden. The marginal effect of train traffic on the accident risk is used to derive the marginal cost per train passage that is due to level crossing accidents. The estimations are based on Swedish data from 2000 to 2012 on level crossing accidents, train volume, and crossing characteristics. In this study we estimate the accidents risk for both motorized road traffic and vulnerable road users. As a proxy for road traffic flow we use three categories of road type, and to capture the influences of pedestrians and bicyclists we use information about the number of persons living nearby the level crossing. The results show that both protection device, road type, traffic volume of the trains, and number of persons living nearby the level crossing have significant influence on the accident probability. The marginal cost per train passage regarding motor vehicle accidents is estimated at EUR 0.15 on average in 2012 (price level of 2017). The corresponding number for accidents with vulnerable road users excluding suicides is EUR 0.08 or including suicides EUR 0.50. The cost per train passage varies substantially depending on type of protection device, road type, the traffic volume of the trains, and number of persons living nearby the crossing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2019. Vol. 83, p. 68-79
National Category
Economics Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-14161DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2019.09.004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85072302794OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-14161DiVA, id: diva2:1356293
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved

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Jonsson, LinaBjörklund, Gunilla

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf