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Non-collision incidents on buses due to acceleration and braking manoeuvres leading to falling events among standing passengers
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic Safety and Traffic System.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7080-5176
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic Safety and Traffic System.
2019 (English)In: Journal of Transport and Health, ISSN 2214-1405, E-ISSN 2214-1405, Vol. 14, article id 100560Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: On public transport buses, standing passengers are subject to acceleration and braking driver manoeuvres which may lead to a falling event. Purpose and procedures: This study investigates the characteristics of such events connected to driver manoeuvres (i.e., acceleration or braking), passenger conditions (i.e., boarding, travelling, alighting), and injury severity. The data for analyses comprise three and a half years (2015–2018). All passengers were standing at the time of the fall event and were treated at hospital emergency departments (ED) after the falling event. Findings: The results highlight aspects which may need further attention. For example, the involvement of females is not only high for the 65 ​+ ​age group, this is also the case for younger age groups which indicates that acceleration/deceleration threshold values for sustaining balance may differ by gender. Furthermore, driver manoeuvres and passenger conditions are important characteristics impacting the mechanisms of falling differently. In acceleration manoeuvres, older passengers (aged 65+) are most often involved in a fall inmediately after boarding, whereas falls during braking manoeuvres are most common while travelling, and mostly involving the 25-64 years-old age group. Conclusions: These findings may indicate that acceleration and braking manoeuvres should be studied separately. It is worth noting that driving style might influence the risk of losing balance for standing passengers, and shortening the time to get seated can be beneficial for reducing the risk of falling, especially for the elderly users after boarding the bus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2019. Vol. 14, article id 100560
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-14047DOI: 10.1016/j.jth.2019.04.006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85066802558OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-14047DiVA, id: diva2:1337760
Available from: 2019-07-17 Created: 2019-07-17 Last updated: 2019-07-17Bibliographically approved

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Silvano, Ary P.Ohlin, Maria

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  • apa
  • harvard1
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Output format
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