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FALCON Handbook: Understanding what influences modal choice
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6401-6536
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2667-114x
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt.
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt.
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2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Freight transport with all modes plays a crucial role for the functioning of economies while simultaneously being responsible for negative external effects such as congestion, noise and various forms of pollution. The need for an efficient and competitive transport system that is also reducing its negative social effects is on top of many policy-makers’ lists. A case in point is the White Paper on Transport by the European Commission (2011), in which it recognizes transport’s fundamental role to the economy and society while underlining the need for a sustainable transport system. The transport system consists of the firms that provide logistics and transport services, their personnel, the different vehicles and energies used and the transport- and ITS-infrastructure.

The challenge is to achieve a sustainable transport system that can cope with increasing freight transport volumes. Total freight transport activity (in tonne-km) is projected to increase by about 58% (1.2% annually) between 2010 and 2050 (European Commission, 2016). Another challenge is to contribute to the goals of the European Union regarding energy efficiency, green-house gas emissions and air pollution/clean air1, as well as fulfilling the 30% improvement of end-to-end logistics performance by 2030 set out by the European Technology Platform Alice (ETP-Alice 2017)2. A well-functioning freight transport system that is also reducing its negative external effects requires optimal use of the infrastructure and the transport modes. Knowledge about the overall freight transport system is needed as an efficient and sustainable system requires high utilization of the modes one by one and in combination.

A key input for striving towards such a system is policy-makers’ and transport authorities’ solid understanding of the freight transport sector in general, and the influences on the choice of transport solutions and modes in particular. In the light of this, the objective of this handbook is to provide a detailed review of the factors influencing modal choice, describe developments in the transport sector and the data and tools needed to analyse the impacts of trends and policy measures.

The handbook is aimed towards authorities responsible for transport and infrastructure in Europe. Focus is on national road administrations (NRAs), which are organized in different ways in different countries. In some countries, like the Netherlands and Sweden, a single public agency is responsible for the main national infrastructure facilities. In other countries, like Germany, France and Norway, the responsibilities are spread out over several executive agencies. In this handbook, we refer to these organizations as NRAs for simplicity

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 108
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13981ISBN: 979-10-93321-38-7 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-13981DiVA, id: diva2:1330049
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved

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https://www.cedr.eu/download/Publications/2017/CR-2017-7_Call-2015-Freight-and-Logistics-in-a-Multimodal-Context_Understanding-what-influences-modal-choice.pdf

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Vierth, IngeLindgren, Samuel

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