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Urban air quality: The challenge of traffic non-exhaust emissions
Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Spanish Research Council (IDÆA-CSIC).
Centre for Sustainability & Environmental Health, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM).
Department of Climate, Air and Sustainability, Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research, TNO.
EMPA, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology.
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2014 (English)In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, ISSN 0304-3894, E-ISSN 1873-3336, Vol. 275, p. 31-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Text
Abstract [en]

About 400,000 premature adult deaths attributable to air pollution occur each year in the European Region. Road transport emissions account for a significant share of this burden. While important technological improvements have been made for reducing particulate matter (PM) emissions from motor exhausts, no actions are currently in place to reduce the non-exhaust part of emissions such as those from brake wear, road wear, tyre wear and road dust resuspension. These "non-exhaust" sources contribute easily as much and often more than the tailpipe exhaust to the ambient air PM concentrations in cities, and their relative contribution to ambient PM is destined to increase in the future, posing obvious research and policy challenges.This review highlights the major and more recent research findings in four complementary fields of research and seeks to identify the current gaps in research and policy with regard to non-exhaust emissions. The objective of this article is to encourage and direct future research towards an improved understanding on the relationship between emissions, concentrations, exposure and health impact and on the effectiveness of potential remediation measures in the urban environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 275, p. 31-36
Keywords [en]
Particulate matter, Wear, Braking, Tyre, Pavement, Dust, Exposure (human), Prevention, Health
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 15 Road: Environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-9332DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.04.053OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-9332DiVA, id: diva2:1164833
Available from: 2017-12-12 Created: 2017-12-12 Last updated: 2017-12-18Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, Mats

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  • apa
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