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Efficiency vs equity: Conflicting objectives of congestion charges
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Traffic analysis and logistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3738-9318
KTH.
2017 (English)In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 60, p. 99-107Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyses the trade-off between equity and efficiency in the design of the Stockholm congestion charging systems. Comparing different designs for Stockholm, the paper shows that the most efficient system is the least equitable. Indeed, we show that moving towards a more efficient system design favours high-income-users most. The reason is the uneven distribution of workplaces and residential areas, combined with richer socio-economic groups living in areas with more workplaces. Hence, the conflict between efficiency and equity of this policy arises from the spatial mismatch of residential areas and locations of employment, and the spatial separation between low-income and high-income groups that characterise most cities. This paper shows that these spatial patterns have a large effect on the distribution effects of the congestion charges and that the system design can have a major impact on equity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2017. Vol. 60, p. 99-107
Keywords [en]
Congestion charging, Equity, Efficiency, Congestion relief, Income, Demography, Residential area, Workplace
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
00 Road: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, 02 Road: Economics; 10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12612DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2017.09.006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85033704828OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-12612DiVA, id: diva2:1163623
Available from: 2017-12-07 Created: 2017-12-07 Last updated: 2017-12-18Bibliographically approved

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Kristoffersson, IdaBörjesson, Maria

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf