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Forecasting effects of congestion charges
2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper performs an ex-post evaluation of the transport model forecast of the effects of the Gothenburg congestion charges, implemented in 2013. We find that the predicted traffic reductions across the cordon and travel time gains were close to those observed in the peak. However, the reduction in traffic across the cordon was under-predicted in off-peak. The design of the charging system implies that the path disutility cannot be computed as a sum of link attributes. The route choice model is therefore implemented as a hierarchical algorithm, including a continuous value of travel time (VTT) distribution. The VTT distribution was estimated from stated choice (SC) data, but had to be adjusted to be consistent with observed outcome. One reason for the discrepancy may be that VTT inferred from SC data does not reveal travellers’ long-term preferences. Another reason may be that apart from distance, travel time and charge there are other factors that determine drivers’ route choice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , p. 18
Series
CTS Working Paper ; 2016:9
Keyword [en]
Congestion charging, Evaluation (assessment), Mathematical model, Congestion relief, Route (itinerary), Choice
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
20 Road: Traffic engineering, 22 Road: Traffic control and traffic information
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12408OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-12408DiVA: diva2:1139121
Available from: 2017-09-06 Created: 2017-09-06 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Börjesson, Maria

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West, JensBörjesson, MariaEngelsson, Leonid
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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