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Peak car?: Drivers of the recent decline in Swedish car use
KTH.
2015 (English)In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 42, 94-102 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It has long been well-known that economic variables such as GDP and fuel price as well as socio-demographic characteristics and spatial distribution are key factors explaining car use trends. However, due. to the recently observed plateau of total car travel in many high income countries, it has been argued that other factors, such as changes in preferences, attitudes and life-styles, have become more important drivers of car use. This paper shows that the two variables, GDP per capita and fuel price, explain most of the aggregate trends in car distances driven per adult in Sweden: as much as 80% over the years 2002 to 2012. The estimated elasticities are well in line with previous literature and can reasonably well reproduce the trend in car distances driven per adult back to 1980. We find, however, a substantial variation in elasticities between municipalities depending on public transport supply, population density, share of foreign-born inhabitants and the average income level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 42, 94-102 p.
Keyword [en]
Fuel, Price, Elasticity, Forecast, Car, Use, Demand (econ), Income, Trend
National Category
Economics Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 11 Road: Personal transport
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12301DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2015.05.005ISI: 000358389400011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84934878034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-12301DiVA: diva2:1139014
Available from: 2017-09-06 Created: 2017-09-06 Last updated: 2017-09-13Bibliographically approved

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Börjesson, Maria
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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf