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Fatigue in transport: a review of exposure, risks, checks and controls*
Institute of Transport Economics (TØI).
Stockholm Universitet.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Trafikanttillstånd, TIL.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4790-7094
University of Jyväskylä.
2017 (English)In: Transport reviews, ISSN 0144-1647, E-ISSN 1464-5327, 1-25 p.Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

Human fatigue continues to threaten safe transport. There are claims that employers of operators should do more to mitigate the risks, and several regulators are promoting fatigue-risk management in the context of safety management systems (SMS). The current paper reviews fatigue-related risk and exposure factors and control measures for operators of land- and sea-based transport forms. Our review identifies 13 types of measures for the monitoring or control of fatigue risks: optimal staffing; optimal schedule design; optimisation of breaks/naps; monitoring of actual hours worked; optimisation of work content; monitoring and feedback of actual sleep; health screening and treatment; promotion of recovery from work; fitness-for-duty testing; monitoring of fatigue symptoms while operating; control of fatigue while operating; performance monitoring and assistance; and fatigue-proofing. We also identify two systemic measures needed to anchor risk mitigation in SMS: organisational learning and training/other. By structuring monitoring and control measures along Dawson and McCulloch’s [Managing fatigue: It’s about sleep. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 9(5), 365–380] fatigue-risk trajectory, a framework is obtained that acts as a guide for fatigue-risk management by transport employers. To inform transport managers further, evaluations are needed of the effectiveness of individual control measures as well as whole fatigue-risk management interventions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge , 2017. 1-25 p.
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12007DOI: 10.1080/01441647.2017.1349844Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85025472993OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-12007DiVA: diva2:1130421
Note

* This paper is based on the TOI report written by one of the authors (lead author Ross Owen Phillips) in 2016 Phillips, R. O. (2016). Countermeasures for use in fatigue risk management. Oslo, Institute of Transport Economics (TØI). 1488/2016.

Available from: 2017-08-09 Created: 2017-08-09 Last updated: 2017-08-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf