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The interplay of formal and informal institutions between local and regional authorities when creating well-functioning public transport systems
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9445-784X
Edinburgh Napier University.
Edinburgh Napier University.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3613-7039
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2017 (English)In: International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, ISSN 1556-8318, E-ISSN 1556-8334, Vol. 11, no 8, p. 611-622Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyzes how public transport planning is managed in institutional contexts where governance is spread across local and regional scales. The paper sheds light on two facets of the relationship between local and regional government: first, the decision-making process regarding where to provide public transport services and at what level, and second, integration of public transport with land use planning. An analytical matrix is used to cross-reference the roles of formal institutions (governance established in law) and informal institutions (governance not established in law) against local and regional responsibilities for public transport and land use.

Analysis of the interplay between these three axes (formal/informal, local/regional, public transport/land use) reveals how informal institutions help regional and local authorities to negotiate the constraints of formal, statutory institutions and help to “oil the wheels” of delivering measures and policies that make public transport work as a well-functioning system. However, informal institutions clearly have their limits, in the paper exemplified by the remaining challenges to integrate regional public transport and local land use planning. An identified challenge is that, by their very nature, informal institutions are difficult to influence or modify, therefore relying on them to fill gaps in formal institutional responsibilities may be a risky strategy when unpopular decisions are made.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017. Vol. 11, no 8, p. 611-622
Keyword [en]
Public transport, Planning, Local authority, Regional planning, Decision process, Land use
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 111 Road: Public transport; 10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-11561DOI: 10.1080/15568318.2017.1292374ISI: 000400663000006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85018943988OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-11561DiVA, id: diva2:1073134
Available from: 2017-02-09 Created: 2017-02-09 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Hrelja, RobertIsaksson, Karolina

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