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Utvärdering av alkolås efter rattfylleri: enkätstudie
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic safety, society and road-user.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5198-8851
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic safety, society and road-user.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4680-4795
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Evaluation of a Swedish alcohol interlock program for drink driving offenders : questionnaire study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Ett permanent system för alkolås efter rattfylleri trädde i kraft den 1 januari 2012. Transportstyrelsen ansvarar för systemet som gäller samtliga körkortsbehörigheter. De som har gjort sig skyldiga till grovt rattfylleri, till upprepade fall av rattfylleri till följd av alkoholförtäring de senaste fem åren, eller har diagnosen alkoholberoende eller alkoholmissbruk får två års villkorstid. Övriga får ett års villkorstid.

Vid VTI utvärderas systemet med alkolås efter rattfylleri på olika sätt. Här presenteras resultat från en enkätstudie där cirka 1 100 frågeformulär har besvarats av de som har alkolås efter rattfylleri under ett år respektive två år, samt de som inte har alkolås men som fått körkortet återkallat med anledning av rattfylleri eller grovt rattfylleri. Svarsfrekvensen var relativt låg, 45 procent av de som hade alkolås besvarade enkäten och 28 procent av de som inte hade alkolås. Medelåldern bland de svarande var strax över 50 år och det var mycket små skillnader mellan dem med och utan alkolås. Andelen kvinnor bland de svarande med alkolås var 13 procent och bland dem utan alkolås 20 procent.

Ansökan om körkort med alkolåsvillkor kan ske direkt efter rattfyllerihändelsen och det indragna körkortet. I genomsnitt tog det drygt 3 månader från rattfyllerihändelsen tills respondenten fick körkortet med villkor för de som hade alkolås i 1 år, och drygt 5 månader i genomsnitt för respondenter med alkolås i 2 år. Denna tid är beroende av hur lång tid efter rattfyllerihändelsen som respondenterna gjorde sin ansökan, men det finns också önskemål om en snabbare handläggningstid hos Transportstyrelsen.

Abstract [en]

A permanent alcohol interlock program for drink drivers came into force on 1 January 2012. The Swedish Transport Agency is responsible for the program that applies to all types of driver's licenses. The program includes both a one-year and a two-year alternative. The two-year program applies to offenders that have committed a severe drink driving offence (BAC > 1 g/L, the legal limit in Sweden is 0.2 g/L), have an earlier offence within the previous five years, or have the diagnosis alcohol use disorder or alcohol dependence. All others are assigned to the one-year program.

Several aspects of the alcohol interlock program are evaluated at VTI. This report presents the results of a survey in which 1,100 questionnaires were answered by both participants and non-participants. The response rate was 45 percent of the participants in the interlock program and 28 percent of the non-participants. The average age of the respondents was just over 50 years, with marginal differences between participants and non-participants. The proportion of women among the respondents in the program was 13 percent, compared to 20 percent of the respondents without alcolock.

It is possible to apply for a license with the alcolock condition directly after the drink driving offence and the withdrawal of the driver’s license. On average, it took little more than three months from the drink driving offence until the respondent received his or her conditioned license in the one-year program, and little more than five months for respondents in the two-year program. This time depends on how long after the drink driving offence the participants made their application, but there is also a request for faster processing times at the Transport Agency.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2016. , 88 s p.
Series
VTI notat, 35-2016
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-11387OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-11387DiVA: diva2:1059198
Available from: 2017-01-05 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2017-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, SusanneForsman, Åsa
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CiteExportLink to record
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