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The allocation of transport infrastructure in Swedish municipalities: Welfare maximization, political economy or both?
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5814-917X
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7864-5982
2016 (English)In: Economics of Transportation, ISSN 2212-0122, E-ISSN 2212-0130, Vol. 7, 53-64 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper compares models for explaining the volume of transport investments in Swedish municipalities: 1 by the planned projects’ welfare consequences, 2. in terms of the district demand (the common pool) model, namely a municipality's share of the cost towards the investment and 3. electoral concerns and/or lobbying, as described by a swing voter model.

We find that the welfare only hypothesis has little explanatory power. The district demand model explains the investment volume in rail projects, while the swing voter model explains road investment better. Lobbying does not seem to have any impact on the investment volume.

Finally, we find that including a measure of the welfare in the political economy models greatly enhances the models’ explanatory power. Our main conclusion is that future analyses of what drives the allocation of resources for transport infrastructure should consider aspects related to both political economy, welfare, and the transport mode.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 7, 53-64 p.
Keyword [en]
Transport infrastructure, Financing, Priority (gen), Choice, Policy, Lobbying, Region, Calculation, Mathematical model
National Category
Economics
Research subject
00 Road: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, 02 Road: Economics; J00 Railway: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, J13 Railway: Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-11380DOI: 10.1016/j.ecotra.2016.11.002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-11380DiVA: diva2:1056292
Available from: 2016-12-14 Created: 2016-12-14 Last updated: 2017-01-24Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, Jan-EricJussila Hammes, Johanna
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf