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How much does the injury risk between average female and average male anthropometry differ?: A simulation study with open source tools for virtual crash safety assessments
Vehicle Safety Institute, Graz University of Technology, Austria.
AXA Versicherungen AG, Winterthur, Switzerland.
Vehicle Safety Division, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9360-0707
Vehicle Safety Division, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1916-7348
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2023 (English)In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 193, article id 107328Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Differences in injury risk between females and males are often reported in field data analysis. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in kinematics and injury risks between average female and male anthropometry in two exemplary use cases. A simulation study comprising the newly introduced VIVA+ human body models (HBM) was performed for two use cases. The first use case relates to whiplash associated disorders sustained in rear impacts and the second to femur fractures in pedestrians impacted by passenger cars as field data indicates that females have higher injury risk compared to males in these scenarios.

Detailed seat models and a generic vehicle exterior were used to simulate crash scenarios close to those currently tested in consumer information tests. In the evaluations with one of the vehicle seats and one car shape the injury risks were equal for both models. However, the risk of the average female HBM for whiplash associated disorders was 1.5 times higher compared to the average male HBM for the rear impacts in the other seat and 10 times higher for proximal femur fractures in the pedestrian impacts for one of the two evaluated vehicle shapes..

Further work is needed to fully understand trends observed in the field and to derive appropriate countermeasures, which can be performed with the open source tools introduced in the current study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023. Vol. 193, article id 107328
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-20005DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2023.107328ISI: 001093244300001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85173877348OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-20005DiVA, id: diva2:1812347
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EU, Horizon 2020, 768960Available from: 2023-11-15 Created: 2023-11-15 Last updated: 2023-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Linder, Astrid

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