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In-depth understanding of single bicycle crashes in Sweden: Crash characteristics, injury types and health outcomes differentiated by gender and age-groups
University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic Safety and Traffic System.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1155-3519
2022 (English)In: Journal of Transport and Health, ISSN 2214-1405, E-ISSN 2214-1405, Vol. 24, article id 101320Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: To study in-depth characteristics of single bicycle crashes and type of injuries considering gender and age differences. Methods: Hospital reported bicycle crashes identified in the Swedish national database STRADA were combined with self-reported detailed information regarding crash circumstances and injury outcomes. Gender and age-group differences were investigated using univariate statistics and Pearson Chi- Square test. Results: A total of 616 cyclists injured in single bicycle crashes between 2013 and 2017 were included. Participants (49% women) had a mean age of 58 years (ranged 15–89 years), most rode a comfort bike (54%) and cycled several times a week (81%). The most common crash type was skidding on ice or snow (26%). This crash type was significantly more common among women than men (30% versus 21%). Women more than twice as often lost balance at low or no speed (13% versus 5%). While men's injuries were located more than twice as often at shoulder and upper arm (28% versus 11%), women injured more than four times as often the lower leg and ankle (30% versus 7%). Differences regarding age-groups could be observed as an exponential increase of hip and upper leg injuries with increased age (9, 19 and 38%). Older cyclists were more often injured while losing balance at no or low speed and while getting on or off the bicycle. Conclusions: Concrete countermeasures to prevent injuries in single bicycle crashes can be suggested and directed to different target groups, i.e. women or men or younger or elderly. © 2021

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2022. Vol. 24, article id 101320
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-17689DOI: 10.1016/j.jth.2021.101320Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85122059469OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-17689DiVA, id: diva2:1646922
Available from: 2022-03-24 Created: 2022-03-24 Last updated: 2022-03-24Bibliographically approved

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Rizzi, Maria C.

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