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Assessing the quality of water used for vegetable irrigation in Tamale Metropolis, Ghana
Pan African University, Algeria; Ghana Integrated Water, Ghana.
Lund University, Sweden; The Centre for Sustainable Visions, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5358-2217
2021 (English)In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 11, article id 5314Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper assesses water quality that is used for vegetable irrigation in Tamale Metropolis, Ghana. A mixed-method of research design was employed in this study to collect and analyze the data based on survey instruments. The paper found that Escherichia coli (E. coli) that is usually used as an indicator of water contamination and heavy metals exist in all taken water samples. The mean concentrations of nutrients such as ammonia, nitrate, nitrite and phosphate were recorded as 0.022 mg/l to 5.98 mg/l for ammonia, 1.06 mg/l to 7.52 mg/l for nitrate, 0.031 mg/l to 0.056 mg/l for nitrate and 0.037 mg/l to 0.069 mg/l for phosphate. E. coli and Total Coliforms levels for Sanghani, Kamina and Waterworks from the laboratory analysis were recorded as 3.2x10(3) CFU 100 m/l and 5.5x10(2) CFU 100 m/l, 4.0x10(3) CFU 100 m/l and 1x10(2) CFU 100 m/l, and 2.1x10(3) CFU 100 m/l and 4.6x10(2) CFU 100 m/l respectively. To conclude, based on the measured parameters, water used for irrigation in the Tamale Metropolitan is polluted and may cause potential health risks. Therefore, farmers, traders and consumers need to apply further safety measures to make the vegetables safe.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. Vol. 11, article id 5314
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Water Engineering
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URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-17076DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-84617-8Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85102209460OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-17076DiVA, id: diva2:1595072
Available from: 2021-09-17 Created: 2021-09-17 Last updated: 2022-09-15Bibliographically approved

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Mourad, Khaldoon

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