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Agglomeration, productivity and the role of transport system improvements
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9235-0232
Trafikverket.
WSP Analys.
WSP Analys.
2019 (English)In: Economics of Transportation, ISSN 2212-0122, E-ISSN 2212-0130, Vol. 18, p. 27-39Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We explore how transport improvements impact agglomeration defined as accessibility and thereby productivity in mid-Sweden including Stockholm 1995–2006. We apply an accessibility index derived from a multi-modal transport model. This is a more accurate measure of agglomeration than those previously used and also necessary for understanding how governments can impact agglomeration, and thereby productivity, by transport investments. We regress temporal changes in wages on temporal changes in agglomeration by applying a FE estimator. We deal with the potential endogeneity using a novel instrumental variable. Our best estimates of the agglomeration elasticity on productivity lie within the interval 0.028–0.035.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2019. Vol. 18, p. 27-39
Keywords [en]
Transport network, Improvement, Urbanisation, Accessibility, Index (coefficient), Investment, Estimation, Efficiency
National Category
Economics
Research subject
00 Road: General works, surveys, comprehensive works, 02 Road: Economics; 10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13722DOI: 10.1016/j.ecotra.2018.12.002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85064008428OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-13722DiVA, id: diva2:1313224
Available from: 2019-05-02 Created: 2019-05-02 Last updated: 2019-06-28Bibliographically approved

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Börjesson, Maria

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf