Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Shared space: utifrån olika åldersgruppers perspektiv
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4715-8935
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Mobility, actors and planning processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3815-6639
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Traffic and road users, Traffic Safety and Traffic System.
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Shared space : different age groups’ perspectives (English)
Abstract [sv]

Shared space avser ofta en yta som är gemensam för oskyddade och skyddade trafikanter och som ska inbjuda till ett levande stadsrum för alla. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur unga, medelålders och äldre upplever shared space utifrån ett fotgängarperspektiv. Syftet var vidare att undersöka om, och i så fall hur, en alternativ utformning av ytan (med eller utan stora blomkrukor utplacerade) påverkar deras upplevelse. I studien kombinerades två olika metoder: en ögonrörelsestudie och en Q-studie. Q-Metoden är en metod som används inom psykologi och samhällsvetenskap för att studera människors ”subjektivitet” - det vill säga deras åsikter som i detta fall att vara fotgängare på Fiskaretorget i Västervik. Totalt 37 deltagare, uppdelat på de tre åldersklasserna, deltog i studien som genomfördes på Fiskaretorget och ett angränsande icke-signalreglerat övergångsställe i Västervik. Ungefär hälften av deltagarna genomförde försöket med och hälften utan stora blomkrukor utplacerade på torget. Resultaten av ögonrörelsestudien visar att medelålders tycktes uppleva en ökad riskmedvetenhet i avsaknad av den traditionella uppdelningen mellan oskyddade och skyddade trafikanter. Unga och äldre tittade däremot ungefär lika mycket på trafikrelevanta föremål, oavsett om det fanns stora blomkrukor utplacerade eller inte. Samtidigt visar Q-studien att fotgängare, oavsett ålder, inte upplevde någon större osäkerhet på denna typ av gemensamhetsytor. Den upplevda osäkerheten som trots allt fanns, minskades med de stora blomkrukor som återskapade den traditionella uppdelningen med tydliga zoner eller stråk där fotgängare kan vistas i ett relativt bilfritt område medan motorfordonen får tydliga stråk att färdas längs. Utifrån dessa resultat rekommenderar vi att man, istället för shared spaces, utformar gemensamhetsytor med tydliga säkerhetszoner där fotgängare kan vistas i ett relativt bilfritt område.

Abstract [en]

A shared space, in the context of road transport, often refers to an area that is shared by unprotected and protected road users and is intended to facilitate a living city space for everyone. The purpose of this study was to investigate how young, middle-aged and elderly people experience shared space from a pedestrian perspective, but also to investigate whether, and if so, how an alternative design of the area (with or without large flower pots) affects their experience. In the study, two different methods were combined; an eye tracking study and a Q-study. The Q method is a research method that is used in psychology and social sciences to investigate people's subjective views on a particular matter, phenomenon or topic. In this study, the Q method is used to investigate pedestrian experiences of two different design configurations - with or without large flower pots deployed - on the Fiskaretorget (eng. Fisherman’s Square) in Västervik. A total of 37 participants, divided into the three age groups, participated in the study, which was carried out at the Fiskaretorget and an adjacent non-signal-regulated pedestrian crossing in Västervik. About half of the participants carried out the experiment with, and half without large flower pots placed on the square. The results of the eye tracking study show that middle-aged pedestrians seemed to experience increased risk awareness, in the absence of the traditional division between unprotected and protected road users. Young and older, on the other hand, looked about the same amount of traffic-related objects, regardless of whether there were large flower pots placed or not. At the same time, the Q-study shows that pedestrians, regardless of age, did not experience any great uncertainty on this type of common areas. The perceived uncertainty, which nevertheless existed, was further reduced with large flower pots that recreated the traditional division with clear zones or stretches, pedestrians can stay in a relatively car-free area while the motor vehicles get clear paths to travel along. Based on these results, we recommend that, instead of a shared space design, designing common areas should have clear safe zones where pedestrians can stay in relatively car-free areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2019. , p. 48
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 1003
Keywords [en]
Shared space, Design (overall design), Pedestrian, Behaviour, Eye movement, Attitude (psychol), Questionnaire
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 82 Road: Geometric design and traffic safety; 80 Road: Traffic safety and accidents, 821 Road: Junctions and traffic safety
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13698OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-13698DiVA, id: diva2:1299204
Available from: 2019-03-26 Created: 2019-03-26 Last updated: 2019-06-11Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1785 kB)602 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1785 kBChecksum SHA-512
5da89f0da7bf846a1486f5a1528e5a92664511f548bb0265e50fb00211747f38a495732e29c5001b4540a249f1e3fe896791111ee7504edc23eaaa9f69bf0195
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Authority records BETA

Wallén Warner, HenriettePatten, ChristopherSörensen, Gunilla

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wallén Warner, HenriettePatten, ChristopherSörensen, Gunilla
By organisation
Mobility, actors and planning processesTraffic Safety and Traffic System
Infrastructure Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 602 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 43 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf