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Internalisering av godstrafikens externa effekter – konsekvensanalyser med Samgodsmodellen: en delrapport inom SAMKOST 3
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6520-3253
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5685-7386
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Internalization of external effects in the Swedish freight transportmarket - studies with the national transport model Samgods : a report in SAMKOST 3 (English)
Abstract [sv]

Regeringen har gett VTI i uppdrag att förbättra kunskapen om transportsektorns samhällsekonomiska kostnader. I en särskild del av detta uppdrag ingår att analysera konsekvenser av en full internalisering av godstrafikens externa effekter.

Syftet med denna rapport är att ge en bild av hur transportarbetet med olika trafikslag kan komma att påverkas om skatter och avgifter höjs till en nivå som motsvarar kostnaden för de externa effekter som trafiken ger upphov till. Rapporten innehåller dels en beräkning av hur mycket skatter och avgifter bör höjas för olika fordonsvarianter, dels en modellanalys av hur påföljande kostnadsökningar påverkar transportarbetet på väg, järnväg och sjö. Modellberäkningarna har utförts med Trafikverkets nationella godstransportmodell Samgods.

Resultaten visar bland annat att sjöfarten skulle gynnas av den relativprisförändring som skatte- och avgiftshöjningarna ger upphov till. Järnvägstrafiken påverkas kraftigt negativt eftersom en marginalkostnadsprissättning skulle kräva kraftigt höjda banavgifter. En internalisering beräknas ge en positiv klimateffekt, men effekterna är relativt små.

Abstract [en]

VTI has been commissioned to review the current knowledge of social marginal costs for using the country’s national infrastructure, Government Decision N2017/01023/TS. As a part of this commission VTI is asked to assess the effects of a full internalisation of external costs within the transport sector.

In this report the effects on freight transports of gods being traded within and to/from Sweden is assessed using the Swedish national freight flow model Samgods. The analysis includes calculating the appropriate levels of tax and/or fees needed for decisionmakers in the freight transport market to fully take in to account the external effects of traffic with different types of vehicles. In a second step the freight flow model is used to estimate effects on ton-kilometers transported on road, rail and sea respectively.

Results show that the resulting change in relative costs for transporting with different modes of transport will increase ton-kilometers transported by sea. A full internalization of external cost will decrease ton-kilometer transported by rail and on road. The largest decrease being calculated for rail. To fully take account for external effects track fees in Sweden will have to be four times higher. In total we estimate a small but positive effect on the climate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2018. , p. 39
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 990
National Category
Economics Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13360OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-13360DiVA, id: diva2:1262044
Available from: 2018-11-09 Created: 2018-11-09 Last updated: 2018-11-09Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, MagnusJohansson, Oskar

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CiteExportLink to record
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