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Zhang, C., Campana, P. E., Liu, C., Wang, K. & Yan, J. (2019). Crowdfunding preferences for a sustainable milk product with integrated photovoltaic water pumping system in China. Applied Energy, 255, Article ID 113694.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crowdfunding preferences for a sustainable milk product with integrated photovoltaic water pumping system in China
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2019 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 255, article id 113694Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper studies the role of potential investors in financing renewable energy systems—specifically, relating to crowdfunding as a financing mechanism, with the enhancement of internet and social-media tools. The research question in this study is whether crowdfunding with a novel socio-technical product reward program attracts potential customers to a more sustainable milk product with a specific integrated photovoltaic water pumping (PVWP) system. The particular case study we empirically investigated is product reward crowdfunding in dairy milk production in China. The milk production chain was supplied by PVWP system integration, which generated solar energy both for feed production for dairy cows and for the operation of dairy farms. 48 semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted between the research team and customers in order to perform qualitative analyses of the determinants of customers’ milk purchase behaviors. In addition, 357 online surveys were collected for quantitative analysis. Binary and ordered probit regressions were employed to use survey date to systematically estimate purchase intention and willingness-to-pay for sustainable milk. Customer behaviors, environmental consciousness, and individual socio-demographic factors were investigated as potential explanatory variables. Over 82% of the survey participants showed intentions to purchase the sustainable milk with the PVWP system. In the survey and interview samples, results showed that milk quality, nutrition improvement, emissions reduction, and environmental benefits attributed to the integrated PVWP system were the major factors considered by interviewees who showed intentions to purchase the crowdfunded dairy milk. Regression model results suggested that potential customers with higher income levels, and those of parenting age, and those with young children or planning to have children, had a higher willingness-to-pay than other customers for the crowdfunded sustainable dairy milk. The familiarity with and popularity of online shopping and pre-sale purchases in China made customers more open to and proactive towards pre-pay and crowdfunding mechanisms. This article evaluated key factors which may influence potential customers for crowdfunding, and used a discrete choice model to estimate customers’ willingness-to-pay for reward-based projects. These results could help producers of sustainable milk products to identify potential target groups in China and estimate market demand. This exploratory study could provide a framework with both quantitative and qualitative assessment of crowdfunding for renewable energy systems in a national or international context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2019
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-14160 (URN)10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113694 (DOI)2-s2.0-85071887585 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Liu, C., Tapani, A., Kristoffersson, I., Rydergren, C. & Jonsson, D. (2019). En transportmodell med fokus på cykeltrafik: modellutveckling och scenarioanalyser. Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut
Open this publication in new window or tab >>En transportmodell med fokus på cykeltrafik: modellutveckling och scenarioanalyser
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2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
A transport model with focus on bicycle trips : model development and scenario analysis
Abstract [sv]

Ökad andel resor med hållbara färdmedel är en förutsättning för att kombinera fortsatt tillväxt med minskad resursförbrukning och miljöpåverkan. I många europeiska städer har cykel blivit ett alltmer populärt färdmedel under de senaste decennierna. Dagens storskaliga transportmodeller, som utgör viktiga verktyg för utvärderingar och samhällsekonomiska analyser, är dock oftast fokuserade på modellering av resor med bil eller kollektivtrafik. Den här rapporten presenterar en tur-baserad transportmodell med syfte att bättre modellera cykelresor. Nyheterna i denna modell är bland annat ett detaljerat cykelnät som innehåller mer än 200 000 länkar och att modellen nyttjar en mer detaljerad zonindelning. Jämfört med nuvarande verktyget för samhällsekonomisk analys av cykelåtgärder, GCkalk, beskriver modellen ett fullständigt utbud och efterfrågan för cykel på detaljerad geografisk nivå. Modellen har skattats på data från den senaste resvaneundersökningen i Stockholms län från 2015 och representerar därmed observerat resebeteende. Modellen beaktar även cykel som anslutningsfärdmedel till resor med kollektivtrafik. Därigenom behandlar modellen cykel- och kollektivtrafik både som konkurrerande och som komplementära färdmedel och modellen kan utvärdera effekten av en förbättring av cykelinfrastrukturen på både enbart cykelresande och på cykel som anslutningsfärdmedel till kollektivtrafikstationer. Modellen är validerad mot cykelräkningar i Stockholm stad från september och oktober 2015. Modellen har testats på sex scenarier valda från Stockholms stads investeringsplan. Resultaten visar att investeringarna har en begränsad effekt på överflyttning mellan färdmedel och en måttlig effekt på befintliga cyklisters ruttval, restid och generaliserad kostnad.

Abstract [en]

Encouraging the use of active travel modes such as walking and cycling is vital for ensuring a sustainable urban development. In many European metropolitan areas, cycling is becoming increasingly popular within the recent decades. On the other hand, large-scale transport models, which serve as the main tools for policy evaluation and cost-benefit analysis, are often designed for modelling motorised travel modes such as private car and public transport. This study presents a tourbased transport model to better model cycling demand and supply. First, it uses a detailed bicycle network containing more than 200,000 links, covering the whole Greater Stockholm Area. Second, the model utilizes a refined zoning system with totally 5 808 zones each of the size of 250 m×250 m covering the entire Greater Stockholm Area. Third, the model is estimated on the newest Stockholm travel survey 2015, and therefore the model can represent travel behaviour that is up-to-date. In addition to the improvements mentioned above, the model also considers cycling as an access travel mode to a trip by public transport. Therefore, the model treats cycling and public transport as both competing and complementary modes, and the model is capable of evaluating the impact of an improvement in bicycle infrastructure on cycling, as well as on cycling to public transport stations. The model is then validated against bicycle count data from the City of Stockholm. Six scenarios are tested according to the investment plan from the City of Stockholm. The results show that the investments have a limited effect on modal shift but a moderate effect on the existing cyclists' route choice, travel time and generalised cost.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2019. p. 144
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 1007
Keywords
Bicycle, Cycling, Journey, Forecast, Model (not math), Calculation
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 113 Road: Cycling, walking and moped transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13706 (URN)
Available from: 2019-04-18 Created: 2019-04-18 Last updated: 2019-06-11Bibliographically approved
Zhang, C., Campana, P. E., Liu, C., Wang, K., Zhang, Y. & Yan, J. (2019). Purchase Intention for Crowd-funded Milk Products with Integrated Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems in China. In: Energy Procedia: . Paper presented at 2018 Renewable Energy Integration with Mini/Microgrid, REM 2018, 28 September 2018 through 30 September 2018 (pp. 503-508). Elsevier Ltd
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Purchase Intention for Crowd-funded Milk Products with Integrated Photovoltaic Water Pumping Systems in China
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2019 (English)In: Energy Procedia, Elsevier Ltd , 2019, p. 503-508Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In comparison with current financing mechanisms for renewable energy systems, crowd-funding financing mechanism offers a new potential source of financing with recent use of social media. Crowd-funding financing mechanism can also increases the social supports for renewable energy systems as users and investors turn to be more actively engaged in energy systems. As a new potential source of financing, crowd-funding mechanism has different forms, including donation, lending, equity and product reward approaches. In this paper, discrete choice model was used to explore whether crowd-funding financing with a novel sociotechnical product reward practice, has the attractions for potential customers to pay for a more sustainable milk product with distributed photovoltaic (PV) system. We empirically investigated the reward-base crowd funding with the specific integrated photovoltaic water pumping (PVWP) system in dairy milk production in China. 48 in-depth interviews were adopted for qualitative analysis of determinants of customer milk purchase decision. The ordered probit regression was employed with 357 online surveys to systematically estimate the purchase intention for the online-crowd-funding sustainable milk. Customer behaviours, environmental consciousness, and the individual socio-demographic factors were tested as potential explanatory variables. In the survey and depth interview samples, we found interviewees as potential customers showed strong purchase intentions to the crowd funding dairy milk for noticing milk quality and nutritious improvement, emission reduction and environmental benefits by the integrated PVWP system. In our findings of the regression results, the females, customers with young children or planning to have children were found with higher willing to purchase than other customers for crowd funding the sustainable dairy milk. The familiarity and popularity with online shopping and pre-sale purchase in China made customers more open and active towards pre-pay and crowd-funding mechanism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2019
Keywords
Financing, Alternative, Interview
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
SAB, Qb Managerial economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13731 (URN)10.1016/j.egypro.2018.12.008 (DOI)2-s2.0-85063770378 (Scopus ID)
Conference
2018 Renewable Energy Integration with Mini/Microgrid, REM 2018, 28 September 2018 through 30 September 2018
Available from: 2019-05-02 Created: 2019-05-02 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Böcker, L., Priya Uteng, T., Liu, C. & Dijst, M. (2019). Weather and daily mobility in international perspective: A cross-comparison of Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish city regions. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Weather and daily mobility in international perspective: A cross-comparison of Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish city regions
2019 (English)In: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, ISSN 1361-9209, E-ISSN 1879-2340Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

With climate change, weather has emerged as an important theme in transport research and planning. Although recent studies demonstrate profound weather effects on mobility in single case study areas, international cross-comparisons are required to reveal how effects differ between cities with different transport and climate regimes. This paper provides an international cross-comparison of the simultaneous effects of weather on destination choices, distances, trip chaining, and transport modes in the urban regions of Utrecht (Netherlands), Oslo and Stavanger (Norway), and Stockholm (Sweden). Hereto, regional subsamples of national travel survey data were linked to meteorological records for the three respective countries and analysed in generalised Structural Equation Models. Our findings generally indicate that light, calm, dry and warm atmospheric conditions may positively affect cycling and the selection of outdoor leisure destinations, while cold and to a lesser extent wet and windy weather conditions reduce cycling and enhance car use and travel optimising strategies like trip chaining, to reduce weather exposures. A positive effect of air temperature on cycling flattens out above 20–25 °C in most of our study areas, but hot weather does not seem to reduce cycling strongly. However, our findings also show considerable regional differences in the effects of weather on mobility. Both general effects and differences are interpreted in relation to geographical context, transport and land use, climate conditions, cultures, habits and adaptations and are discussed to formulate policies to mitigate active transport mode users’ exposures to adverse weather and make walking and cycling (even more) year-round modes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2019
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-14090 (URN)10.1016/j.trd.2019.07.012 (DOI)2-s2.0-85069632289 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-19 Created: 2019-08-19 Last updated: 2019-08-19Bibliographically approved
Abenoza, R. F., Liu, C., Cats, O. & Susilo, Y. O. (2019). What is the role of weather, built-environment and accessibility geographical characteristics in influencing travelers’ experience?. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 122, 34-50
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What is the role of weather, built-environment and accessibility geographical characteristics in influencing travelers’ experience?
2019 (English)In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 122, p. 34-50Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examine the effect of weather, accessibility and built-environment characteristics on overall travel experience as well as the experience with the latest trips. These are factors that are often disregarded in the travel satisfaction literature even though they are believed to largely influence the first mile of the door-to-door trip. This study fills a research gap in investigating all these factors by using, amongst other, a relatively large travel satisfaction survey from years 2009 to 2015 and by focusing on urban and peri-urban geographical contexts, the city and county of Stockholm (Sweden), respectively. The ordered logit model results show that county dwellers living close to a metro station and in well linked-to-all areas report higher overall travel satisfaction evaluations. In addition, precipitation and ground covered with snow have a negative influence on travel satisfaction. Our findings indicate that built-environment characteristics exert a rather weak influence on the travel experience, especially in the peri-urban context. However, some aspects such as living in areas with medium densities, low income and with high safety perceptions around public transport stations are associated with higher satisfaction levels. In turn, areas with single land uses are found to have lower travel satisfactions. These results are important for public transport planners and designers in devising measures to prevent and mitigate the negative outcome of some weather conditions and to conceive better designed transit oriented developments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2019
Keywords
Experience (human), Weather, Accessibility, Building (structure), Travel, Public transport
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 11 Road: Personal transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13646 (URN)10.1016/j.tra.2019.01.026 (DOI)000465061400003 ()2-s2.0-85061906067 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-17 Created: 2019-05-17 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved
Liu, C., Susilo, Y. O. & Dharmowijoyo, D. B. E. (2018). Investigating intra-household interactions between individuals’ time and space constraints. Journal of Transport Geography, 73, 108-119
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating intra-household interactions between individuals’ time and space constraints
2018 (English)In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 73, p. 108-119Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The activity space of an individual is defined as the activity-travel environment which a traveller is using for his or her activities. It is limited by this individual's ability and resources, such as available time for travel as well as his or her anchor points. However, most existing studies have focused on single individual activity space, ignoring the fact that individuals’ activities often interact with that of his or her family members’. In this paper a multivariate model is proposed where the correlation between travel time of fathers and mothers, and the correlation between the activity space and travel time are modelled explicitly. The estimated correlations from these joint distributions provide insights into both the intra-household interactions in daily travel and the intrinsic relationships of the hidden limits in the dimensions of space and time. The travel time limits are modelled using a stochastic frontier model component, which can estimate an unobserved upper or lower limit for travel time expenditure. This limit usually refers to the maximum travel time budget or minimum travel time need, which denotes the maximum or minimum amount of travel time that an individual is willing or able to allocate per day. The concept of the confidence ellipse is used as a measure of activity space constructed from the multi-day travel diary data. It is hypothesised that the unobserved travel time limits and activity space sizes of fathers and mothers are correlated with each other, due to a similar spatial knowledge and accessibility to various facilities. The daily variations in the travel time expenditure of parents are also assumed to be correlated because of daily household task allocation and joint household travel. Data collected from a three-week household travel diary in the Bandung Metropolitan Area in Indonesia are used for estimation in this study. The estimated frontier model component shows that neither parent has reached their maximum travel time budget and/or minimum travel time need that they inherently must spend. Compared with other attributes, the perceived accessibility attributes play the most important role in influencing the activity space limits. For households with fully employed fathers, a trade-off mechanism is found in travel time expenditure between parents, which is likely due to the redistribution of household tasks. On the other hand, for households with fathers who are not fully employed, a complementary effect is found, arising from the joint travel among household members. The travel time budget and activity space limits of fathers are positively correlated with those of mothers. These findings call for the formulation of transport policies that consider the household as a unit, especially in developing countries such as Indonesia, to fulfil the mobility needs of different market segments, e.g., households with fully employed fathers and those with fathers who are not fully employed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2018
Keywords
Household, Travel, Journey time, Mathematical model, Estimation, Accessibility
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 11 Road: Personal transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13368 (URN)10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2018.10.015 (DOI)000451938900010 ()2-s2.0-85055664822 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-31 Created: 2019-01-31 Last updated: 2019-03-15Bibliographically approved
Susilo, Y. O., Liu, C. & Börjesson, M. (2018). The changes of activity-travel participation across gender, life-cycle, and generations in Sweden over 30 years. Transportation, 1-26
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The changes of activity-travel participation across gender, life-cycle, and generations in Sweden over 30 years
2018 (English)In: Transportation, ISSN 0049-4488, E-ISSN 1572-9435, p. 1-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study utilised the Swedish national travel survey covering a period of over 30 years. We investigated the long-term trends in activity-travel patterns of individuals in different life-cycle stages and generations using cohort analysis and a path model. The main findings are summarised as follows. The women, including mothers, in younger generations have become more active in out-of-home non-work activities and their trip chaining has become more complex, compared to their male counterparts. While men are still driving more than women, the gap is decreasing in the younger generations. The gender difference among teenagers in terms of out-of-home time use diminishes in younger generations. Teenagers of younger generations spend more of their leisure time inside their homes, possibly due to the rise of online activities and gaming and more time-consuming school trips, the latter attributed to changes in school choice policy. Older adults travel more, possibly due to better paratransit transport service, supported by better health services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer New York LLC, 2018
Keywords
Travel survey, Long term, Behaviour, Man, Woman, Adolescent, Old people
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 11 Road: Personal transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12862 (URN)10.1007/s11116-018-9868-5 (DOI)2-s2.0-85044018623 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-05 Created: 2018-04-05 Last updated: 2018-05-21Bibliographically approved
Liu, C., Sun, Y., Chen, Y. & Susilo, Y. O. (2018). The effect of residential housing policy on car ownership and trip chaining behaviour in Hangzhou, China. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 62, 125-138
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The effect of residential housing policy on car ownership and trip chaining behaviour in Hangzhou, China
2018 (English)In: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, ISSN 1361-9209, E-ISSN 1879-2340, Vol. 62, p. 125-138Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

China has recently initialised affordable housing policies to provide low rent housings for medium and low income households aiming to satisfy the growing demand in the housing market. The travel behaviour of residents in these two different types of housing is likely to differ, since public housing tenants have a limited choice of residential location, as the location of low-rent housing is fixed, while residents in commodity housing are able to take their travel patterns into account in choosing their housing location. Therefore, this paper investigates the differences in car ownership and trip chaining behaviour arising from living in different types of residential housing. The self-selection bias caused by the differences in the observed individual and household characteristics is partially controlled by a propensity score matching approach. The study further considers the endogenous effect of car ownership on travel chaining behaviour, thus controlling for the self-selection bias at car ownership level. The results show that residents in private commodity housing are more likely to own a car than those in low-rent housing with similar individual and household characteristics. Different life cycle stages play a vital role in car ownership after self-selection in residential housing has been taken into account. Living in private commodity housing has a direct negative effect on trip chaining complexity, after controlling for endogenous car ownership, although this effect is offset by the tendency for private commodity housing owners to do complex trip chaining because they have one or more cars.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2018
Keywords
Residential area, China, Impact study, Travel survey, Vehicle ownership, Travel, Behaviour
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 11 Road: Personal transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12859 (URN)10.1016/j.trd.2018.02.008 (DOI)2-s2.0-85042466974 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-05 Created: 2018-04-05 Last updated: 2018-05-21Bibliographically approved
Lin, X., Susilo, Y. O., Shao, C. & Liu, C. (2018). The implication of road toll discount for mode choice: Intercity travel during the chinese spring festival holiday. Sustainability, 10(8), Article ID 2700.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The implication of road toll discount for mode choice: Intercity travel during the chinese spring festival holiday
2018 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 8, article id 2700Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Intercity travel congestion during the main national holidays takes place every year at different places around the world. Charge reduction measurements on existing toll roads have been implemented to promote an efficient use of the expressways and to reduce congestion on the public transit networks. However, some of these policies have had negative effects. A more comprehensive understanding of the determinants of holiday intercity travel patterns is critical for better policymaking. This paper aims to investigate the effectiveness of the road toll discount policy on mode choice behavior for intercity travel. A mixed logit model is developed to model the mode choices of intercity travelers, which is estimated based on survey data about intercity journeys from Beijing during the 2017 Chinese Spring Festival holiday. The policy impact is further discussed by elasticity and scenario simulations. The results indicate that the expressway toll discount does increase the car use and decrease the public transit usage. Given the decreased toll on expressways, the demand tends to shift from car to public transit, in an order of coach, high-speed rail, conventional rail, and airplane. When it comes to its effect on socio-demographic groups, men and lower-income travelers are identified to be more likely to change mode in response to variation of road toll. Finally, policy effectiveness is found to vary for travelers in different travel distance groups. Conclusions provide useful insights on road pricing management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG, 2018
Keywords
Inter urban, Toll road, Congestion charging, Decrease, Tariff, Holiday, Modal choice
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
20 Road: Traffic engineering, 22 Road: Traffic control and traffic information
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-13203 (URN)10.3390/su10082700 (DOI)2-s2.0-85051057190 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-12 Created: 2018-09-12 Last updated: 2019-05-02Bibliographically approved
Liu, C., Wang, Q. & Susilo, Y. O. (2017). Assessing the impacts of collection-delivery points to individual's activity-travel patterns: A greener last mile alternative?. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing the impacts of collection-delivery points to individual's activity-travel patterns: A greener last mile alternative?
2017 (English)In: Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, ISSN 1366-5545, E-ISSN 1878-5794Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

The transport impacts of collection-delivery points (CDPs), as an alternative to home delivery, are rarely studied. As e-shopping becomes increasingly popular, trips to collect deliveries at CDP, especially by car travel, may generate a considerable amount of external effects, such as emissions. Therefore, this paper analysed the "picking up/leaving goods" trips selected from the Swedish National Travel Survey and jointly modelled the individuals' mode choice and trip chaining decisions using a panel cross-nested logit model. The roles of trip chain characteristics, individual socio-demographics and land use characteristics on each trip chain and mode choice combination are investigated. The results indicate observed and unobserved heterogeneities of trip chaining and mode choice decisions among populations. Young adults living with partners/spouses, single adults with children and partnered adults with children have the preference of using cars in collection-delivery trips compared to other life-cycle groups. A sensitivity analysis is carried out to estimate the effect of distance to CDPs on vehicle kilometres travelled. The calibrated model is used to estimate the VKT of collection-delivery trips in the greater Stockholm area. The results indicate a 22.5% reduction of VKT from collection-delivery trips by relocating 5% CDPs from urban areas to suburban and rural areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2017
Keywords
E commerce, Household, Journey, Delivery, Transport mode, Choice, Demography, Social factor, Land use, Mathematical model
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
10 Road: Transport, society, policy and planning, 11 Road: Personal transport
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-12070 (URN)10.1016/j.tre.2017.08.007 (DOI)2-s2.0-85028303763 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-12-07 Created: 2017-12-07 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6966-9077

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